Associations Between Neutrophil Gelatinase Associated Lipocalin, Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio, Atrial Fibrillation and Renal Dysfunction in Chronic Heart Failure
Onur Argan, Dilek Ural, Guliz Kozdag, Tayfun Sahin, Serdar Bozyel, Mujdat Aktas, Kurtulus Karauzum, Irem Yilmaz, Emir Dervis, Aysen Agir
(Department of Cardiology, Kocaeli State Hospital, Kocaeli, Turkey)
Med Sci Monit 2016; 22:4765-4772
Atrial fibrillation (AF) and renal dysfunction are two common comorbidities in patients with chronic heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). This study evaluated the effect of permanent AF on renal function in HFrEF and investigated the associations of atrial fibrillation, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) with adverse clinical outcome.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Serum NGAL levels measured by ELISA and NLR were compared between patients with sinus rhythm (HFrEF-SR, n=68), with permanent AF (HFrEF-AF, n=62), and a healthy control group (n=50).
RESULTS: Mean eGFR levels were significantly lower, and NLR and NGAL levels were significantly higher in the HFrEF patients than in the control patients but the difference between HFrEF-SR and HFrEF-AF was not statistically significant (NGAL: 95 ng/mL in HFrEF-SR, 113 ng/mL in HFrEF-AF and 84 ng/mL in the control group; p<0.001). Independent associates of baseline eGFR were age, hemoglobin, NLR, triiodothyronine, and pulmonary artery systolic pressure. In a mean 16 months follow-up, adverse clinical outcome defined as progression of kidney dysfunction and composite of all-cause mortality and re-hospitalization were not different between HFrEF-SR and HFrEF-AF patients. Although NGAL was associated with clinical endpoints in the univariate analysis, Cox regression analysis showed that independent predictors of increased events were the presence of signs right heart failure, C-reactive protein, NLR, triiodothyronine, and hemoglobin. In ROC analysis, a NLR >3 had a 68% sensitivity and 75% speci... read more
Keywords: Atrial Fibrillation, Cardio-Renal Syndrome, Heart Failure, Lipocalins