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Liposarcoma of the esophagus: case report and literature review

Elzbieta Czekajska-Chehab, Monika Tomaszewska, Andrzej Drop, Andrzej Dabrowski, Danuta Skomra, Tadeusz Orlowski, Ireneusz Kolodziej, Elzbieta Korobowicz

Med Sci Monit 2009; 15(7): CS123-127

ID: 869698

Published: 2009-06-23

Background: Liposarcoma is one of the most common soft tissue sarcomas in adults, but it is exceedingly rare in the gastrointestinal tract. To the authors' knowledge, only 17 cases of esophageal liposarcomas have been described in the literature.
Material and Method: The case of a 56-year-old woman is reported who complained of dyspnea and airway obstruction and was referred for multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) with the suspicion of mediastinal tumor. MSCT revealed a heterogeneous mass within the esophagus. The density measurements from pre- and post-contrast scanning suggested a fatty tissue component of the lesion and a possible malignant nature. The patient underwent esophagotomy. The diagnosis of liposarcoma was established. Five months after the surgery, follow-up chest MSCT was performed which revealed an inhomogeneous mass behind the left atrium. Additional CT was performed with a perfusion protocol which suggested a malignant nature of the lesion. After thoracotomy with removal of the tumor, the patient underwent adjuvant radiotherapy. The patient is still being followed up and two years after the esophagotomy has been well, with no metastases in subsequent endoscopic and CT examinations.
Conclusions: To the authors' knowledge this is the first case of liposarcoma of the esophagus detected and postoperatively monitored using MSCT. MSCT, even as the first examination, may enable a proper diagnosis of liposarcoma in patients with atypical clinical features.

Keywords: Middle Aged, Liposarcoma - radiography, Female, Humans, Esophageal Neoplasms - radiography, Tomography, X-Ray Computed