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The small peptide OGP(10-14) reduces proliferation and induces differentiation of TPO-primed M07-e cells through RhoA/TGFbeta1/SFK pathway

Barbara Battolla, Nunzia Bernardini, Mario Petrini, Letizia Mattii

Med Sci Monit 2011; 17(1): SC1-5

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.881309

Published: 2010-12-16

Background:    Osteogenic growth peptide (OGP) is a 14-mer peptide found in relevant concentration in blood, and its carboxy-terminal fragment [OGP(10-14)] represents the active portion of the full-length peptide. In addition to stimulating bone formation, OGP(10-14) shows hematological activity. In fact, it highly enhances hematopoiesis-affecting stem progenitors. Moreover, OGP(10-14) reduces the growth and induces the differentiation of the hematological tumour cell line trombophoietin(TPO)-primed M07-e by interfering with RhoA and Src kinase pathways. In the present report, we went deeper into this mechanism and evaluated the possible interference of the OGP(10-14) signal pathway with TGFβ1 and TPO receptor Mpl.
    Material/Methods:    In OGP(10-14)-treated M07-e cells cultured with or without RhoA and Src kinases inhibitors (C3 and PP2), expression of TGFβ1, Mpl, and Src kinases was analyzed by immunoperoxidase technique. Activated RhoA expression was studied using the G-LISA™ quantitative test.
    Results:    In M07-e cells, both OGP(10-14) and PP2 activate RhoA, inhibit Src kinases, reduce Mpl expression and increase TGFβ1 expression. OGP(10-14) and PP2 show the same behavior, causing an additive effect when associated.
    Conclusions:    OGP(10-14) induces TPO-primed M07-e cells differentiation through RhoA/TGFβ1/SFKs signalling pathway. In particular OGP(10-14) acts as a Src inhibitor, showing the same effects of PP2.

Keywords: Immunohistochemistry, Signal Transduction - physiology, Immunoenzyme Techniques, Image Processing, Computer-Assisted, Humans, Hematopoietic Stem Cells - metabolism, Endorphins - pharmacology, Cell Proliferation - drug effects, Cell Line, Tumor, Cell Differentiation - drug effects, Transforming Growth Factor beta1 - metabolism, rhoA GTP-Binding Protein - metabolism