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Correlations Between Hector Battifora Mesothelial-1 (HBME-1) Expression and Clinical Pathological Characteristics and Prognosis of Osteosarcoma Patients

Yu-Xin Zhao, Song-Tao Gao, Jia-Qiang Wang, Wei-Tao Yao, Yi-Sheng Wang, Cai-Li Guo

(Department of Bone and Soft Tumors, Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Henan Cancer Hospital, Zhengzhou, Henan, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:665-672

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.898820

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between Hector Battifora mesothelial-1 (HBME-1) expression and the clinical pathological characteristics and prognosis of osteosarcoma (OS).
MATERIAL AND METHODS: HBME-1 expression was assessed using immunohistochemistry in OS tissues (n=152), osteochondroma tissues (n=91), and normal bone tissues (n=74). We carried out a follow-up lasting 8-60 months to investigate HBME-1 expression and its correlations with the clinical pathological characteristics and prognosis of OS.
RESULTS: HBME-1 was highly expressed in OS tissues compared with osteochondroma tissues and normal bone tissues, and was highly expressed in osteochondroma tissues compared with normal bone tissues (all P<0.05). HBME-1 expression was correlated with clinical stages, postoperative recurrence, metastasis, and 5-year survival (all P<0.05). The area under the receiver operating characteristics curve of HBME-1 expression was 0.864, with sensitivity of 80.92%, specificity of 91.89%, and accuracy of 84.51%. The survival rate was lower in the HBME-1 positive expression group than the HBME-1 negative expression group (P<0.05). Clinical stages, metastasis, and HBME-1 expression were independent risk factors for the survival of patients with OS (all P<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: HBME-1 expression was correlated with the occurrence and development of OS. HBME-1 positive expression was a risk factor for the prognosis of OS.

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