H-Index
70
Scimago Lab
powered by Scopus
Clarivate
Analytics
Formerly the IP & Science
business of Thomson Reuters

Logo




eISSN: 1643-3750

Get your full text copy in PDF

Influence of CYP2C9 and COX-2 Genetic Polymorphisms on Clinical Efficacy of Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs in Treatment of Ankylosing Spondylitis

Yu Wang, Xiao-Dong Yi, Hai-Lin Lu

(Department of Orthopaedics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:1775-1782

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.900271


BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationships of CYP2C9 and COX-2 genetic polymorphisms with therapeutic efficacy of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in treatment of ankylosing spondylitis (AS).
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We enrolled 130 AS inpatients and outpatients in the Arthritis and Rheumatism Department of Peking University First Hospital and 106 healthy people getting routine check-ups between September 2013 and July 2014. CYP2C9 and COX-2 genetic polymorphisms were detected by PCR-RFLP. All AS patients underwent medical treatment and 12-week follow-up treatment. Score differences of BASDAI, ASAS20, ASAS50, and ASAS70 for AS patients with different genotypes before and after treatment were compared.
RESULTS: In terms of COX-2–1290A/G and -1195G/A gene polymorphism genotype and allele frequency, the case group and control group were obviously different (all P<0.05), but CYP2C9*3 polymorphism genotype and allele frequency were not statistically different between the 2 groups (P>0.05). AS patients had improved BASDAI, ASAS20, ASAS50, and ASAS70 scores after they received NSAID treatment (all P<0.05). Furthermore, the efficacy of NSAID in treatment of AS and COX-2 gene -1290A/G and -1195G/A polymorphism were associated (all P<0.05), but it is not associated with CYP2C9 *3 polymorphism (all P>0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: COX-2-1290A/G and -1195G/A polymorphism may increase AS risk and they both can be considered as biological indicators for prediction of efficacy of NSAIDs in treatment of AS.

This paper has been published under Creative Common Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) allowing to download articles and share them with others as long as they credit the authors and the publisher, but without permission to change them in any way or use them commercially.
I agree