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Impact of Patient Education on Compliance with Positive Airway Pressure Treatment in Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Sema Saraç, Gülgün Çetintaş Afşar, Özlem Oruç, Özgür Bilgin Topçuoğlu, Cüneyt Saltürk, Yüksel Peker

(Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Istanbul Sureyyapasa Chest Diseases and Chest Surgery Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey)

Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:1792-1799

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.902075

BACKGROUND: We addressed the impact of patient education followed by frequent visits on compliance with positive airway pressure (PAP) treatment in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in a Turkish sleep clinic cohort.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: This single-center, randomized, controlled study was conducted in Istanbul, Turkey between June 2014 and April 2015. Among 115 eligible OSA patients (mean age 51.0±9.3 years; 75.5% men), 63 were randomized to standard support (SS) group (general information about OSA and PAP treatment at baseline), and 52 to educational support (ES) group (additional polysomnography chart viewing from both diagnostic and titration nights). All patients were scheduled to five PAP control visits between two weeks and six months after the PAP prescription. Primary outcome was the PAP compliance (4 hours/night for 70% of all the nights) at the last visit.
RESULTS: Average PAP usage was 4.2±2.5 hours/night in the SS group, and 5.2±2.1 hours/night in the ES group (p=0.027). PAP compliance was achieved among 68.3% in the SS group, and 86.5% in the ES group (p=0.021). In a multivariate analysis, ES strategy followed by frequent visits predicted PAP compliance (odds ratio [OR] 3.6, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.2–10.6; p=0.020). Other predictors were obesity (OR 3.4, 95% CI 1.2–9.7; p=0.019) and severe OSA (apnea-hypopnea index ≥30/hour) at baseline (OR 4.7, 95% CI 1.2–17.6; p=0.023). Primary school education level was inversely related with PAP compliance (OR 0.3, 95% CI 0.1–0.9; p=0.036).
CONCLUSIONS: Patient education with polysomnography chart view followed by frequent visits increased long-term compliance with PAP treatment.

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