16 December 2010
Carnitine regulates myocardial metabolism by Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor-alpha (PPARalpha) in alcoholic cardiomyopathyLing JingACEFG, Li-jun ZhouAE, Wei-min LiFG, Feng-min ZhangBCDF, Lin YuanBCDF, Shuang LiDE, Jian SongB, Ying SangBC
Med Sci Monit 2011; 17(1): BR1-9
Background: Chronic alcohol intake exerts myocardial damage en route to the development of alcoholic cardiomyopathy (ACM), although the precise pathogenesis of ACM is unknown. Carnitine is known to participate in the regulation of metabolism in a number of heart diseases. This study was designed to examine the interplay between myocardial metabolism and carnitine in the development of ACM.
Material/Methods: Experimental animals were divided into 3 groups: (i) group A: alcohol-fed. (ii) group B: alcohol/carnitine: (200mg/kg/d, p.o. by mixing carnitine in rat chow). (iii) group C: control. Blood levels of free fatty acid (FFA), total carnitine (TC) and free carnitine (FC) were monitored in rats receiving alcohol with or without carnitine. Mitochondrial adenine nucleotide translocator-1 (ANT1) activity, ATPase activity, high energy phosphate concentration, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α (PPARα), carnitine-palmitoyl transferase I (CPT-I), medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase (MCAD), ANT1 and ATPase mRNA and protein expression were also monitored in myocardial tissue.
Results: Experimental animals received alcohol with or without carnitine for six6 months. Our results indicated that FFA increased abruptly. TC and FC were significantly decreased in groups receiving alcohol at 4 months. The concentration of ATP, ADP and AMP in the myocardium decreased following 2 months of alcohol administration. mRNA and protein expression of PPARα, CPT-I, MCAD, ANT1 and ATPase expressions were gradually altered in groups following alcohol feeding.
Conclusions: These observations suggest that abnormal metabolism is present in the myocardium during the development of ACM. Carnitine may improve myocardial metabolism by elevating the content of PPARα, CPT-I and MCAD.
Keywords: Microscopy, Electron, Ethanol, Fatty Acids, Nonesterified - blood, Carnitine O-Palmitoyltransferase - metabolism, Carnitine - pharmacology, Cardiomyopathy, Alcoholic - metabolism, Adenosine Triphosphate - metabolism, Adenosine Triphosphatases - metabolism, Adenosine Monophosphate - metabolism, Adenosine Diphosphate - metabolism, Adenine Nucleotide Translocator 1 - metabolism, Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase - metabolism, Myocardium - ultrastructure, PPAR alpha - metabolism, Phosphates - metabolism
01 January 2023 : EditorialEditorial: Current Status of Two Adjuvanted Malaria Vaccines and the World Health Organization (WHO) Strategy to Eradicate Malaria by 2030
Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939357
26 January 2023 : EditorialEditorial: The XBB.1.5 (‘Kraken’) Subvariant of Omicron SARS-CoV-2 and its Rapid Global Spread
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939580
19 January 2023 : Clinical ResearchEvaluation of Health-Related Quality of Life and Mental Health in 729 Medical Students in Indonesia During ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938892
19 January 2023 : Clinical ResearchDetermining the Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Dental Care in the Serbian Adult Population: An Online Q...
Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939238
31 Jan 2023 : Clinical ResearchBalloon Dilation Eustachian Tuboplasty Combined with Tympanotomy Tube Insertion for Treatment of Refractory...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938879
31 Jan 2023 : Clinical ResearchComparison of Vision Correction and Corneal Thickness at 180-Day Follow-Up After Femtosecond Laser-Assisted...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939099
30 Jan 2023 : Clinical ResearchSplenic Artery Steal Syndrome in Patients with Liver Cirrhosis: A Retrospective Clinical Study
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938998
Most Viewed Current Articles
13 Nov 2021 : Clinical ResearchAcceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788
30 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379
08 Mar 2022 : Review articleA Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292