01 April 2011
Med Sci Monit 2011; 17(4): PH23-27
Background: The risks/benefits balance of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is controversial. The aim of this study was to assess the periodontal status of a postmenopausal women group receiving HRT and to determine the effects of HRT on clinical measures of periodontal disease.
Material/Methods: Ninety-one postmenopausal women, 52 taking HRT (HRT+) and 39 not taking HRT (HRT–), completed the study. Clinical parameters measured included visible supragingival plaque, probing pocket depth (PD) and clinical attachment level (CAL). Gingival status was recorded as gingival bleeding on probing (BOP). Previous oral contraceptive use and current and past smoking status were also assessed.
Results: Data indicated that PD and CAL were not significantly different between HRT+ patients and HRT– patients (P=0.8067 and P=0.1627, respectively). The HRT+ group exhibited significantly lower visible plaque levels compared to the control group (P<0.0001). The percentage of gingival sites with positive BOP was significantly lower in the HRT+ group compared to the HRT– group (34.85% vs. 65.15%; P=0.0007). Plaque accumulation was also tested in ANCOVA as a possible explanatory variable for the differences observed in gingival bleeding. The ANCOVA showed no significant differences in gingival bleeding between HRT+ and HRT– women (P=0.4677). No significant differences in past smoking status and oral contraceptive use were detected between HRT+ and HRT– women (P=0.9999 and P=0.0845, respectively).
Conclusions: These findings indicated that long-term HRT was not associated with relevant effects on periodontal status and clinical measures of periodontal disease, thus suggesting that HRT may not confer protection against periodontitis in postmenopausal women.
Keywords: Periodontium - pathology, Estrogen Replacement Therapy
01 July 2022 : EditorialEditorial: World Health Organization (WHO) Variants of Concern Lineages Under Monitoring (VOC-LUM) in Response to the Global Spread of Lineages and Sublineages of Omicron, or B.1.1.529, SARS-CoV-2
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937676
27 June 2022 : Clinical ResearchShoulder Injury Related to Vaccine Administration (SIRVA) in 16 Patients Following COVID-19 Vaccination Who...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937430
04 June 2022 : Clinical ResearchScreening for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Students at the Medical University of Warsaw, Poland Between November...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936962
30 May 2022 : Clinical ResearchEffects of Wearing Face Masks on Exercise Capacity and Ventilatory Anaerobic Threshold in Healthy Subjects ...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936069
05 Jul 2022 : Clinical ResearchAttention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Time Perception in Adults: Do Adults with Different ADH...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936849
01 Jul 2022 : Clinical ResearchDoes Early-Period Patient Dissatisfaction Turn Into Satisfaction Over Time After Total Knee Replacement?
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936792
30 Jun 2022 : Laboratory ResearchBcl-2 19-kDa Interacting Protein 3 (BNIP3)-Mediated Mitophagy Attenuates Intermittent Hypoxia-Induced Human...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936760
Most Viewed Current Articles
30 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379
08 Mar 2022 : Review articleA Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292
13 Nov 2021 : Clinical ResearchAcceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788