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21 June 2011

Measurement and comparison of skin dose using OneDose MOSFET and Mobile MOSFET for patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia

Essam H. MattarDF, Lina F. HammadBF, Huda I. Al-MohammedACDE

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.881833

Med Sci Monit 2011; 17(7): MT51-55

Abstract

Background: Total body irradiation is a protocol used to treat acute lymphoblastic leukemia in patients prior to bone marrow transplant. It is involved in the treatment of the whole body using a large radiation field with extended source-skin distance. Therefore measuring and monitoring the skin dose during the treatment is important. Two kinds of metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor (OneDose MOSFET and mobile MOSEFT) dosimeter are used during the treatment delivery to measure the skin dose to specific points and compare it with the target prescribed dose.
The objective of this study was to compare the variation of skin dose in patients with acute lymphatic leukemia (ALL) treated with total body irradiation (TBI) using OneDose MOSFET detectors and Mobile MOSFET, and then compare both results with the target prescribed dose.
Material/Methods: The measurements involved 32 patient’s (16 males, 16 females), aged between 14–30 years, with an average age of 22.41 years. One-Dose MOSFET and Mobile MOSFET dosimetry were performed at 10 different anatomical sites on every patient.
Results: The results showed there was no variation between skin dose measured with OneDose MOSFET and Mobile MOSFET in all patients. Furthermore, the results showed for every anatomical site selected there was no significant difference in the dose delivered using either OneDose MOSFET detector or Mobile MOSFET as compared to the prescribed dose.
Conclusions: The study concludes that One-Dose MOSFET detectors and Mobile MOSFET both give a direct read-out immediately after the treatment; therefore both detectors are suitable options when measuring skin dose for total body irradiation treatment.

Keywords: Radiotherapy Dosage, Radiometry - methods, Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma - radiotherapy, Analysis of Variance, Adolescent, Skin - radiation effects, Whole-Body Irradiation

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750