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01 August 2011

The use of modern imaging techniques in the diagnosis and treatment planning of patients with orbital floor fractures

Piotr LobaAF, Marcin KozakiewiczBE, Marcin ElgalalCE, Ludomir StefanczykAF, Anna Broniarczyk-LobaAF, Wojciech OmuleckiAD

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.881889

Med Sci Monit 2011; 17(8): CS94-98

Abstract

Background: Ocular motility impairment associated with orbital trauma may have several causes and manifest with various clinical symptoms. In some cases orbital reconstructive surgery can be very challenging and the results are often unsatisfactory. The use of modern imaging techniques aids proper diagnosis and surgical planning.
Case Report: The authors present the case of a 29-year-old male who sustained trauma to the left orbit. Orthoptic examination revealed limited supra- and infraduction of the left eye. The patient reported diplopia in upgaze and downgaze with primary position spared. Dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI) was performed, which revealed restriction of the left inferior rectus muscle in its central section. A patient-specific anatomical model was prepared on the basis of 3-dimensional computed tomography (CT) study of the intact orbit, which was used to prepare a custom pre-bent titanium mesh implant. The patient underwent reconstructive surgery of the orbital floor.
Conclusions: Modern imaging techniques such as dMRI and 3-dimensional CT reconstruction allow us to better understand the pathophysiology of orbital floor fractures and to precisely plan surgical treatment.

Keywords: Prostheses and Implants, Orbital Fractures - surgery, Orbit - injuries, Models, Anatomic, Diplopia - surgery, Diagnostic Imaging - methods, Reconstructive Surgical Procedures - methods, Tomography, X-Ray Computed - methods

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750