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23 April 2012

Influence of hypertension, obesity and nicotine abuse on quantitative and qualitative changes in acute-phase proteins in patients with essential hypertension

Maciej CymerysBDEFG, Paweł BogdańskiABCDEF, Danuta Pupek-MusialikCDEG, Anna JabłeckaCDFG, Jan ŁąckiBCDG, Izabela KorczowskaBCDG, Joanna DytfeldBCDE

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.882740

Med Sci Monit 2012; 18(5): CR330-336

Abstract

Background: Hypertension is a powerful risk factor for cardiovascular disease and frequently occurs in conjunction with obesity. Accumulative evidence suggests a link between inflammation and hypertension. The aim of study was to evaluate whether blood pressure, obesity and smoking may influence acute-phase response.
Material/Methods: Ninety-two patients with essential hypertension and 75 healthy volunteers as a control group were studied. In all subjects assessment of hsCRP, alpha1-acid glycoprotein (AGP), alpha1-antichymotrypsin, transferrin, alpha1-antitrypsin, and C3 and C4 complement were performed. Evaluation of glycosylation profile and reactivity coefficient (RC) for AGP was done by means of affinity immunoelectrophoresis with concanavalin A as a ligand.
Results: When compared to the controls, hypertensive subjects presented significantly higher hsCRP concentrations and lower transferrin level. Hypertensive patients had elevated AGP-AC. The intensification of the inflammatory reaction was greater in the subgroup of hypertensive patients smoking cigarettes. In obese hypertensives, elevated serum C3 complement level was found.
Conclusions: We conclude that arterial hypertension may evoke the acute-phase response in humans. Markers of acute-phase response are particularly strongly expressed in smokers. Serum C 3 complement, but not other APPs, is elevated in hypertension coexisting with obesity.

Keywords: Nicotine - adverse effects, Hypertension - complications, Case-Control Studies, Acute-Phase Proteins - metabolism, Obesity - complications, Smoking - blood

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750