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28 June 2012

Treatment of complicated parapneumonic pleural effusion and pleural parapneumonic empyema

Pedro Rodríguez SuárezABCDEF, Jorge Freixinet GilartABCDEG, José María Hernández PérezBEF, Mohamed Hussein SerhalB, Antonio López ArtalejoB

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.883212

Med Sci Monit 2012; 18(7): CR443-449

Abstract

Background: We performed this observational prospective study to evaluate the results of the application of a diagnostic and therapeutic algorithm for complicated parapneumonic pleural effusion (CPPE) and pleural parapneumonic empyema (PPE).
Material/Methods: From 2001 to 2007, 210 patients with CPPE and PPE were confirmed through thoracocentesis and treated with pleural drainage tubes (PD), fibrinolytic treatment or surgical intervention (videothoracoscopy and posterolateral thoracotomy). Patients were divided into 3 groups: I (PD); II (PD and fibrinolytic treatment); IIIa (surgery after PD and fibrinolysis), and IIIb (direct surgery). The statistical study was done by variance analysis (ANOVA), χ2 and Fisher exact test.
Results: The presence of alcohol or drug consumption, smoking and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) were strongly associated with a great necessity for surgical treatment. The IIIa group was associated with increased drainage time, length of stay and complications. No mortality was observed. The selective use of PD and intrapleural fibrinolysis makes surgery unnecessary in more than 75% of cases.
Conclusions: The selective use of PD and fibrinolysis avoids surgery in more than 75% of cases. However, patients who require surgery have more complications, longer hospital stay, and more days on PD and they are more likely to require admittance to the Intensive Care Unit.

Keywords: Pneumonia - therapy, Pleural Effusion - therapy, Pleura - pathology, Empyema, Pleural - therapy, Radiography, Thoracic, Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750