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01 August 2012

Effects of living environment on the postoperative Scoliosis Research Society-24 results in females with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

Ewa MisterskaABCDEF, Maciej GłowackiABCDEG, Sławomir PanekBCE, Anna Ignyś-O’ByrneCEF, Jakub GłowackiEF, Iwona IgnyśEF, Hanna KraussEF, Jacek PiątekEF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.883274

Med Sci Monit 2012; 18(8): CR523-531

Abstract

Background: There are many factors influencing postoperative health-related quality of life of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients, including the degree of the deformity, culture, differences in geography, rural versus urban living environments, and social factors. The objective of this study was to analyze the significance of geographic factors and their differences influencing the postoperative quality of life in females with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis residing in urban and rural environments, by use of the Polish version of the SRS-24 questionnaire.
Material/Methods: Forty urban and 20 rural postoperative patients with adolescent scoliosis with a minimum 2-year follow-up period after surgery were included in the study. The process of cross-cultural adaptation was performed according to the IQOLA Project.
Results: General results of the Polish SRS-24 equalled 4.1 (SD 0.5) and 4.0 (SD.0.5) in the rural and urban groups of patients, respectively. The 2 groups do not differ in incidence of floor and ceiling effects. The Cronbach’s alpha values are excellent for the general result of SRS-24 in urban and rural groups (0.85 and 0.85, respectively). The sub-groups differed significantly in the self-image after surgery domain (p=0.048).
Conclusions: Patients from the rural group scored higher in the self-image after surgery domain but reported higher pain levels when compared to urban patients. The associations between SRS-24 results and radiographic parameters in the rural group of patients were strong, compared with moderate relations reported in the urban group.

Keywords: Societies, Medical, Scoliosis - surgery, Rural Population - statistics & numerical data, Questionnaires, Postoperative Care - statistics & numerical data, Poland - epidemiology, Demography, Child, Adolescent, Socioeconomic Factors, Urban Population - statistics & numerical data, young adult

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