Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

04 November 2013

Long-term results of excimer laser procedure to correct astigmatic refractive errors

Anna M. RoszkowskaADE, Letteria De GraziaBF, Alessandro MeduriBF, Edward WylegalaDF, Pasquale AragonaCDE

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.884023

Med Sci Monit 2013; 19:927-933


BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term efficacy, safety, stability, and predictability of photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) as treatment of astigmatism.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ninety-four eyes of 52 patients, treated with PRK for compound myopic astigmatism, compound hyperopic astigmatism, and mixed astigmatism were studied during a 36-month period. Main outcome measures were uncorrected and best-corrected visual acuity (UCVA, BCVA), refraction, and corneal transparency. Astigmatism correction was analyzed by a power vector method.

RESULTS: In myopic astigmatism group (42 eyes), postoperative UCVA was 20/40 or better in 100% of eyes, 20/25 or better in 38 eyes out of 42 (90.5%), and 20/20 or better in 25/42 eyes (59.5%). No eye lost lines of the BCVA, 40/42 (95.2%) eyes had refraction within ±1D and 37/42 (88.1%) within ±0.50 D. In the hyperopic astigmatism group (28 eyes), the UCVA was 20/40 or better in 100% of eyes, 20/25 or better in 26/28 eyes (92.8%), and 20/20 or better in 24/28 eyes (85.7%); 1/28 eyes (3.6%) lost 1 line of the BCVA, 23/28 eyes (82.1%) were within ±1D, and 21/28 (75%) were within ±0.50D. In the mixed astigmatism group (24 eyes), the UCVA was 20/40 or better in 100% of eyes, 20/25 or better in 22/24 eyes (91.7%) and 20/20 in 15/24 (62.5%) eyes. No eye lost lines of BCVA, 23/24 eyes (95.8%) were within 1.0 D, and 20/24 eyes (83.3%) were within 0.50 D of defocus refraction. Power vector analysis showed a significant reduction of blurring strength in all examined groups.

CONCLUSIONS: PRK is a safe and effective procedure for correction of all types of astigmatism, with good stability and efficacy at 3-year follow-up.

Keywords: Follow-Up Studies, Astigmatism - surgery, Lasers, Excimer - therapeutic use, Photorefractive Keratectomy - trends, Visual Acuity - physiology

Add Comment 0 Comments


01 June 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Concerns as Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) Virus of the H5N1 Subtype is Identified in Dairy Cows and Other Mammals

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945315

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945315


In Press

Review article  

Impact of Workplace Bullying on Nursing Care Quality: A Comprehensive Review

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944815  

Clinical Research  

Anterior Plate-Supported Cannulated Screw Surgery for Ankle Arthrodesis: Clinical and Radiologic Results in...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944452  

Clinical Research  

Elevated Plasma Levels of Growth Arrest Specific 6 (Gas6) Protein in Severe Obesity: Implications for Adipo...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944462  

Database Analysis  

Systemic Immune-Inflammation Index (SII) as a Predictor of Short-Term Mortality Risk in Sepsis-Associated A...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943414  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article   2,048,648

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799


14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research   1,553,068

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990


16 May 2023 : Clinical Research   690,454

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387


01 Jan 2022 : Editorial   50,367

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952


Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750