Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

16 October 2013 : Original article  

Effects of smokeless tobacco (Maras powder) use on carotid intima media thickness

Mustafa Haki SucakliABCDEFG, Fuat OzkanBE, Mehmet Fatih InciBDF, Mustafa CelikABFG, Hamit Sirri KetenADEG, Orhan BozoglanACEF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.889654

Med Sci Monit 2013; 19:859-864

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of smokeless tobacco (Maras powder, Nicotiana rustica Linn) on carotid intima media thickness.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 32 Maras powder users presenting to our Family Medicine outpatient clinic and 30 non-users of Maras powder as a control group. Carotid intima media thickness was measured by duplex ultrasonography.

RESULTS: All the participants were male. The mean duration of Maras powder use was 27.3±11.6 years. Carotid intima media thickness was 0.73±0.20 mm in the Maras powder users and 0.49±0.14 mm in the controls. Blood pressure measured before Maras powder use in Maras powder users was similar to that measured in the control group (p>0.05). Systolic blood pressures were 136.6±12.4 mmHg and 109.7±9.7 mmHg after 30–60 minutes using Maras powder in the Maras powder users and in the controls, respectively. Diastolic blood pressures were 87.2±6.1 mmHg and 62.8±8.1 mmHg after 30–60 minutes using Maras powder in the Maras powder users and the controls, respectively. Carotid intima media thickness was significantly correlated with systolic blood pressure (r=0.613, p<0.001) and diastolic blood pressure (r=0.612, p<0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: Carotid intima media thickness was higher in Maras powder users than in nonusers of the powder. Increased carotid intima media thickness can be associated with an immediate increase in systolic and diastolic blood pressures. Therefore, attempts to increase public awareness about smoking should also be directed towards prevention of Maras powder use.

Keywords: Carotid Arteries - ultrasonography, Blood Pressure - drug effects, Carotid Intima-Media Thickness - statistics & numerical data, Case-Control Studies, Tobacco, Smokeless - adverse effects, Turkey

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 May 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: First Regulatory Approval for Adoptive Cell Therapy with Autologous Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes (TILs) – Lifileucel (Amtagvi)

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944927

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e944927

In Press

07 May 2024 : Clinical Research  

Treatment of AVN-Induced Proximal Pole Scaphoid Nonunion Using a Fifth and Fourth Extensor Compartmental Ar...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944553  

16 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Diagnostic Efficiency of ACR-TIRADS Score for Differentiating Benign and Malignant Thyroid Nodules of Vario...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943228  

08 May 2024 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Individualized PEEP Guided by Driving Pressure on Diaphragm Function in Patients Undergoing Lapar...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944022  

21 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Impact of Serum Vitamin D, B6, and B12 and Cognitive Functions on Quality of Life in Peri- and Postmenopaus...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943249  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article  

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research  

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750