Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

21 March 2014 : Original article  

Novel fibro-inflammation markers in assessing left atrial remodeling in non-valvular atrial fibrillation

Osman SonmezABCDEF, Furkan U. ErtemBCF, Mehmet Akif VatankuluBCF, Ercan ErdoganBDF, Abdurrahman TasalBDF, Sıtkı KucukbuzcuBCF, Omer GoktekinADF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.890635

Med Sci Monit 2014; 20:463-470

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Structural remodeling is associated with the fibroinflammatory process in the atrial extracellular matrix. In the present study we aimed to investigate whether serum levels of new circulating remodeling markers differ in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) compared to patients with sinus rhythm.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study population included 52 patients diagnosed with non-valvular AF and 33 age-matched patients with sinus rhythm. Serum levels of Galectin-3, matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), lipocalin-2 (Lcn2/NGAL), N-terminal propeptide of type III procollagen (PIIINP), Hs-Crp, and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) were measured. The left atrial volume (LAV) was calculated by echocardiographic method and LAV index was calculated.

RESULTS: Galectin-3, MMP-9, and PIIINP levels were significantly higher in AF patients except NGAL levels (1166 pg/ml (1126–1204) and 1204 pg/ml (1166–1362) p=0.001, 104 (81–179) pg/ml and 404 (162–564) pg/ml p<0.0001, and 1101 (500–1960) pg/ml and 6710 (2370–9950) pg/ml p<0.0001, respectively). The NLR and Hs-CRP levels were also higher in AF (2.1±1.0 and 2.7±1.1 p=0.02 and 4.2±1.9 mg/L and 6.0±4.7 mg/L p=0.04, respectively). In correlation analyses, NLR showed a strongly significant correlation with LAVi, but Hs-CRP did not (p=0.007 r=0.247, Pearson test and p=0.808 r=0.025, Pearson test, respectively). Moreover, Galectin-3, MMP-9, and PIIINP had a strong positive correlation with LAVi (p=0.021 r=640, Spearman test and p=0.004 r=0.319 Pearson test, and p=0.004 r=0.325 Pearson test, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: Novel fibrosis and inflammation markers in AF are correlated with atrial remodeling. Several unexplained mechanisms of atrial remodeling remain, but the present study has taken the first step in elucidating the mechanisms involving fibrosis and inflammation markers.

Keywords: Aged, 80 and over, Acute-Phase Proteins, Atrial Fibrillation - ultrasonography, Atrial Remodeling, Biological Markers - blood, C-Reactive Protein - metabolism, Electrocardiography, Fibrosis, Heart Valves - physiopathology, Inflammation - pathology, Lipocalins - blood, Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 - blood, Peptide Fragments - blood, Procollagen - blood, Proto-Oncogene Proteins - blood

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 May 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: First Regulatory Approval for Adoptive Cell Therapy with Autologous Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes (TILs) – Lifileucel (Amtagvi)

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944927

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e944927

In Press

17 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Protective Role of TRPC3 Gene Polymorphism (rs10518289) in Obstructive Sleep Apnea Hypopnea Syndrome Among ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942667  

27 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Impact of Patient Education Formats on Treatment Adherence and Denture Hygiene in Edentulous Patients: A Co...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944175  

27 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Incidence, Risk Factors, and Outcomes of Left Atrial Enlargement in Patients Requiring Right Ventricular Pa...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944114  

15 May 2024 : Database Analysis  

MRTO4 Enhances Glycolysis to Facilitate HCC Progression by Inhibiting ALDOB

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944685  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article  

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research  

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750