16 December 2014 : Research paper
Assessment of the Relationship between Lipid Parameters and Obesity Indices in Non-Diabetic Obese Patients: A Preliminary ReportAnna StępieńABDEF, Mariusz StępieńABDEF, Rafał N. WlazełCD, Marek ParadowskiCD, Maciej BanachFG, Jacek RyszFG
Med Sci Monit 2014; 20:2683-2688
BACKGROUND: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine the relationship between obesity and lipid markers.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We divided 66 non-diabetic adult obese patients (mean age: 55.8±11.6 years) into 3 groups according to body mass index (BMI). All patients were measured for waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC), body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), body adiposity index (BAI), and visceral adiposity index (VAI). Serum levels of total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and triglycerides (TG) were determined, and lipid indices TC/HDL, LDL/HDL, and TG/HDL were also estimated.
RESULTS: TC and LDL-C in Group III were lower than in Group I (5.0±1.0 vs. 6.0±1.0 mmol/L, and 2.9±0.9 vs. 3.8±1.2 mmol/L; p<0.05 for both). Negative correlations were found between: BMI and TC, LDL, and HDL (r=–0.291; r=–0.310, r=–0.240, respectively); and WC, WHR, VAI, and HDL (r=–0.371, r=–0.296, r=–0.376, respectively). Positive correlations were found between WC, WHR, and TG/HDL (r=0.279, r=0.244, respectively) and between VAI and: TC (r=0.327), TG (r=0.885), TC/HDL (r=0.618), LDL/HDL (r=0.480), and TG/HDL (r=0.927).
CONCLUSIONS: Obesity is associated with lipid disturbances, especially with HDL-C reduction, in obese non-diabetic patients. VAI is strongly related to lipid profile and thus may be the most valuable obesity index in obese patients with dyslipidemias.
Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus - blood, Lipids - blood, Obesity - blood
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