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08 February 2015 : Laboratory Research  

Increased Plasma Levels of FABP4 and PTEN Is Associated with More Severe Insulin Resistance in Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

Yuan-yuan LiCEF, Rui XiaoAD, Cai-ping LiD, Jian HuangfuABG, Jiang-feng MaoCDE

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.892431

Med Sci Monit 2015; 21:426-431

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between plasma fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4), phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN), and insulin resistance in patients with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Plasma FABP4 and PTEN were determined by ELISA in GDM patients (GDM group, n=30) and in euglycemic pregnant women (control group, n=30). The clinical features, body mass index (BMI), homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and lipid profiles were compared between the 2 groups. The influence of risk factors on insulin resistance, including BMI, lipid profiles, FABP4, and PTEN, were further investigated by multiple-factor stepwise regression analysis.

RESULTS: Higher levels of BMI, ΔBMI, triglyceride (TG), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), 2-hour plasma glucose (2hPG), fasting insulin, HOMA-IR, FABP4, PTEN, and lower level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were found in the GDM patients than in the controls (all P<0.005). The plasma FABP4 was 1.47±0.25 vs. 0.20±0.07 ng/ml in the GDM and control group, respectively (P<0.0001). Plasma PTEN was 6.46±1.57 vs. 4.72±0.82 ng/ml in the GDM and control group, respectively (P<0.0001). There was a positive relation between plasma FABP4 and PTEN when all blood samples, including GDM and control groups, were analyzed (P<0.05). The multiple-factor regression analysis revealed that plasma FABP4, TG, and PTEN were independent risk factors for increased insulin resistance.

CONCLUSIONS: GDM patients have more severe insulin resistance compared to euglycemic pregnant women. Higher levels of plasma FABP4 and PTEN are associated with increased insulin resistance and may participate in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance during gestation.

Keywords: Diabetes, Gestational - blood, Body Mass Index, Blood Glucose - analysis, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins - blood, Insulin Resistance - physiology, Lipids - blood, PTEN Phosphohydrolase - blood, Pregnancy, Triglycerides - blood

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750