Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

07 June 2015 : Clinical Research  

Clinical Analysis of Adverse Drug Reactions between Vincristine and Triazoles in Children with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

Lihua YangABCDEFG, Lihua YuAB, Xinxin ChenAB, Yanqun HuB, Bin WangB

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.893142

Med Sci Monit 2015; 21:1656-1661


BACKGROUND: Vincristine (VCR) is a major chemotherapy drug for treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Triazole antifungal drugs (AFD) are the main agents for the prevention/treatment of invasive fungal infection (IFI), a common complication during the treatment of ALL. This study investigated the adverse drug reactions (ADRs) between VCR and AFD.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on 68 children with ALL (39 boys and 29 girls, median age: 5 years) who were treated with VCR chemotherapy (a total of 136 cases, including both induction and reinduction phases) from January 2012 to December 2013 in our hospital. These cases were divided into 4 groups: the control group without AFD prevention/treatment (n=44), the Itra group receiving itraconazole oral solution (n=44), the Fluc group receiving intravenous fluconazole (n=42), and the Vori group receiving voriconazole oral tablets (n=6). The ADRs in each group was recorded and compared.

RESULTS: The incidence of ADRs in the Itra and Vori groups were significantly higher compared with the Fluc and the control group (P<0.05). The incidence of ADRs in the Itra group was significantly higher than that in the Vori group, whereas there was no difference in the incidence between the Fluc and control group.

CONCLUSIONS: Given the lower incidence of ADRs between VCR and fluconazole compared with voriconazole or itraconazole, it is relatively safer to use fluconazole in ALL patients receiving VCR chemotherapy. The occurrence of ADRs should be closely monitored when triazoles must be administered concomitantly with VCR.

Keywords: Antifungal Agents - adverse effects, Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic - adverse effects, Child, Child, Preschool, Fluconazole - therapeutic use, Itraconazole - therapeutic use, Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma - drug therapy, Time Factors, Vincristine - therapeutic use, Voriconazole - therapeutic use

Add Comment 0 Comments

1196 21


01 December 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: Outbreaks of Post-Pandemic Childhood Pneumonia and the Re-Emergence of Endemic Respiratory Infections

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943312

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e943312


In Press

08 Dec 2023 : Clinical Research  

Association Between Influenza Vaccine Uptake and Health Awareness: A Cross-Sectional Questionnaire-Based St...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI:  

04 Dec 2023 : Animal Research  

Effects of Intrathecal Ketamine on Cerebrospinal Fluid Levels of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor and Mech...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI:  

01 Dec 2023 : Clinical Research  

Risk Factors and Clinical Outcomes of COVID-19 Infection in Multiple Sclerosis Patients: A Retrospective St...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI:  

30 Nov 2023 : Review article  

Decoding the Neurological Sequelae of General Anesthesia: A Review

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI:  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788


30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379


14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990


08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292


Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750