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07 April 2015 : Clinical Research  

Antioxidant Vitamin C Prevents Decline in Endothelial Function during Sitting

Saurabh S. ThosarABCDEFG, Sylvanna L. BielkoABDE, Chad C. WigginsABDE, James E. KlaunigABDE, Kieren J. MatherACDE, Janet P. WallaceACDEFG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.893192

Med Sci Monit 2015; 21:1015-1021

Abstract

BACKGROUND: This study was designed to test the hypothesis that antioxidant Vitamin C prevents the impairment of endothelial function during prolonged sitting.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eleven men (24.2±4.4 yrs) participated in 2 randomized 3-h sitting trials. In the sitting without vitamin C (SIT) and the sitting with vitamin C (VIT) trial, participants were seated for 3 h without moving their legs. Additionally, in the VIT trial, participants ingested 2 vitamin C tablets (1 g and 500 mg) at 30 min and 1 h 30 min, respectively. Superficial femoral artery (SFA) flow-mediated dilation (FMD) was measured hourly for 3 h.

RESULTS: By a 1-way ANOVA, there was a significant decline in FMD during 3 h of SIT (p<0.001). Simultaneously, there was a significant decline in antegrade (p=0.04) and mean (0.037) shear rates. For the SIT and VIT trials by a 2-way (trial x time) repeated measures ANOVA, there was a significant interaction (p=0.001). Pairwise testing revealed significant between-SFA FMD in the SIT and VIT trial at each hour after baseline, showing that VIT prevented the decline in FMD 1 h (p=0.009), 2 h (p=0.016), and 3 h (p=0.004). There was no difference in the shear rates between SIT and VIT trials (p>0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: Three hours of sitting resulted in impaired SFA FMD. Antioxidant Vitamin C prevented the decline in SFA FMD, suggesting that oxidative stress may contribute to the impairment in endothelial function during sitting.

Keywords: Antioxidants - pharmacology, Ascorbic Acid - pharmacology, Demography, Endothelium, Vascular - physiopathology, Femoral Artery - physiopathology, Posture, Regional Blood Flow - drug effects, Vasodilation - drug effects

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750