Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

19 July 2015 : Clinical Research  

Plasma Brain Natriuretic Peptide, Endothelin-1, and Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 Expression and Significance in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease

Chunfang JuDE, Meixin YeFG, Feng LiABC

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.893375

Med Sci Monit 2015; 21:2094-2099


BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes (DMT2) combined with ischemic heart disease (IHD) promotes the occurrence and development of coronary atherosclerosis. We aimed to provide a theoretical basis for improving patient prognosis through analyzing expression of plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), endothelin-1 (ET 1), and matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect BNP, ET-1, and MMP-9 levels in 50 patients with DMT2 only (group A), 47 patients with IHD only (group B), 43 patients with comorbid (both) IHD and DMT2 (group C), and 50 health controls (group D). Group C was further divided into single-branch lesion group, double-branch lesions group, and triple-branch lesion group according to coronary angiography, or cardiac function grade II, III, and IV group according to cardiac function, and their BNP, ET-1, and MMP-9 levels were compared.

RESULTS: Compared with group D, TG, diastolic, and systolic blood pressure were all significantly elevated in groups A, B, and C. Group C exhibited obviously higher glycosylated hemoglobin than group A. Gensini score in group C was markedly higher than in group B. Compared with group D, BNP, ET-1, and MMP-9 levels were all increased in groups A, B, and C. Group C showed higher levels of BNP, ET-1, and MMP-9 than group A and B. BNP, ET-1, and MMP-9 levels in the triple-branch lesions group were higher than in the single-branch lesions group and double-branch lesions group. The cardiac function grade IV group presented higher levels of BNP, ET-1, and MMP-9 than did the grade II and III groups. BNP, ET-1, and MMP-9 showed a positive correlation to each other.

CONCLUSIONS: BNP, ET-1, and MMP-9 may participate in the occurrence and development of comorbid DMT2 and IHD. They are important objective indicators for evaluating severity and prognosis of patients with comorbid DMA2 and IHD.

Keywords: Coronary Artery Disease - blood, Biomarkers - blood, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 - complications, Endothelin-1 - blood, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, Heart Function Tests, Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 - blood, Myocardial Ischemia - complications, Natriuretic Peptide, Brain - blood, Prognosis



01 February 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: The XBB.1.5 (‘Kraken’) Subvariant of Omicron SARS-CoV-2 and its Rapid Global Spread

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939580

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939580


19 January 2023 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of Health-Related Quality of Life and Mental Health in 729 Medical Students in Indonesia During ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938892  

27 December 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Physiotherapy to Correct Rounded Shoulder Posture in 30 Patients During the COVID-19 Pandemic in ...

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938926

10 December 2022 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study to Identify Risk Factors for Severe Disease and Mortality Using the Modified Early Warn...

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938647

In Press

03 Feb 2023 : Clinical Research  

Treatment of Gingival Recession Defects with Pouch and Tunnel Technique Using Connective Tissue Graft and L...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938865  

02 Feb 2023 : Clinical Research  

Online Questionnaire-Based Study to Evaluate the Attitudes and Use of Rubber Dental Dams by Saudi Dental Pr...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938672  

02 Feb 2023 : Database Analysis  

Prognostic-Related Biomarkers in Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Correlating with Immune Infiltrates Based...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938785  

01 Feb 2023 : Clinical Research  

Comparison of 3 Enzyme-Linked Immunoassay Methods to Evaluate Serum Concentrations of Infliximab and Antibo...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939084  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750