Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

25 April 2015 : Clinical Research  

The Assessment of Anterior and Posterior Ocular Structures in Hyperopic Anisometropic Amblyopia

Suleyman DemircanABCDE, Gokcen GokceF, Isa YuvaciBD, Mustafa AtaşABE, Burhan BaşkanB, Gökmen ZararsizC

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.893979

Med Sci Monit 2015; 21:1181-1188

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship or differences in ocular structures of amblyopic eyes compared to fellow eyes in children and young adults with hyperopic anisometropic amblyopia.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Hyperopic participants with anisometropic amblyopia, defined as the presence of best-corrected visual acuity differences of at least 2 Snellen lines and 1.5 diopters between amblyopic and fellow eyes, were studied. Using the IOL Master, Pentacam Scheimpflug imaging and Spectralis optical coherence tomography, the axial length, corneal curvature, and anterior chamber depth (ACD), as well as the thickness of the cornea, peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), and macula, were compared between children and young adults and between their amblyopic and fellow eyes.

RESULTS: In 53 participants with hyperopic anisometropic amblyopia, there were significant differences in the anterior corneal curvature, ACD and axial length between the amblyopic and fellow eyes of all the patients. The mean central macular thickness in the amblyopic eyes was significantly thicker (P=.001) in the group aged 5 to 12 years; however, this was not the case in the group aged 13 to 42 years. There was no significant difference in average RNFL thickness in either group.

CONCLUSIONS: We found significantly greater mean central macular thickness in anisometropic amblyopic eyes among participants aged 5 to 12 years, but not among those who were older. Similarly, the interocular differences in axial length parameters seemed to be related to the central macular thickness differences between the amblyopic and fellow eyes in the younger group.

Keywords: Adolescent, Amblyopia - physiopathology, Anisometropia - physiopathology, Child, Child, Preschool, Cornea - pathology, Eye - physiopathology, Hyperopia - physiopathology, Macula Lutea - pathology, Nerve Fibers - pathology, Retina - pathology, Tomography, Optical Coherence, Visual Acuity, young adult

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 July 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: The Global Threats of Increasing Antimicrobial Resistance Require New Approaches to Drug Development, Including Molecular Antimicrobial Adjuvants

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945583

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945583

0:00

In Press

Database Analysis  

Enhanced Outcomes in Femoral Subtrochanteric Fractures Using Long INTERTAN Nails with Titanium Cable Cercla...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944383  

0:00

Database Analysis  

Trends in HIV/AIDS-Related Mortality and the Impact of Antiretroviral Treatment Strategies in Lu'an City: A...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944727  

Review article  

Optimizing Quality of Life in Kidney Transplant Recipients Through Structured Exercise: A Systematic Review...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943617  

Clinical Research  

Ultrasound-Guided PRP and SVF Therapy Shows Sustained Improvement in Severe Knee Osteoarthritis: A 12-Month...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943975  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article   4,290,652

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research   1,595,389

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research   691,055

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial   50,864

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750