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20 October 2015 : Clinical Research  

Brainstem Auditory Evoked Potential in HIV-Positive Adults

Carla Gentile MatasABCDEFG, Alessandra Giannella SamelliCDEF, Rosanna Giaffredo AngrisaniBCDE, Fernanda Cristina Leite MagliaroBCDE, Aluísio C. SeguradoACDEF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.894958

Med Sci Monit 2015; 21:3172-3178

Abstract

BACKGROUND: To characterize the findings of brainstem auditory evoked potential in HIV-positive individuals exposed and not exposed to antiretroviral treatment.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: This research was a cross-sectional, observational, and descriptive study. Forty-five HIV-positive individuals (18 not exposed and 27 exposed to the antiretroviral treatment – research groups I and II, respectively – and 30 control group individuals) were assessed through brainstem auditory evoked potential.

RESULTS: There were no significant between-group differences regarding wave latencies. A higher percentage of altered brainstem auditory evoked potential was observed in the HIV-positive groups when compared to the control group. The most common alteration was in the low brainstem.

CONCLUSIONS: HIV-positive individuals have a higher percentage of altered brainstem auditory evoked potential that suggests central auditory pathway impairment when compared to HIV-negative individuals. There was no significant difference between individuals exposed and not exposed to antiretroviral treatment.

Keywords: Anti-Retroviral Agents - therapeutic use, Audiometry, Pure-Tone, Brain Stem - pathology, Cross-Sectional Studies, Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem - physiology, HIV Infections - physiopathology, HIV Seropositivity, Probability, young adult

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750