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16 December 2015 : Clinical Research  

Correlation Between Platelet and Hemoglobin Levels and Pathological Characteristics and Prognosis of Early-Stage Squamous Cervical Carcinoma

Xiaowei LiABC, Cheng TanBC, Wanxuan ZhangDE, Jingyi ZhouAC, Zhiqi WangDF, Shijun WangEF, Jianliu WangACD, Lihui WeiCE

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.895016

Med Sci Monit 2015; 21:3921-3928

Abstract

BACKGROUND: We sought to determine the effect of pre-operative hemoglobin (HGB) and platelet (PLT) levels on the clinical features and prognosis of early-stage squamous cervical carcinoma (SCC).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 380 patients with SCC who underwent hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy. SCC was confirmed post-operatively by pathological diagnosis. The relations between HGB and PLT levels and clinicopathological characteristics were observed, and a Cox regression analysis was performed to determine their influence on survival.

RESULTS: There were significant differences in tumor staging, tumor diameter, and lymphatic metastasis between the 69 patients with PLT levels >300×109/L and the 311 patients with PLT levels ≤300×109/L (P<0.05). Tumor staging, extent of differentiation, and lymphatic metastasis were significantly different between 134 patients with HGB levels <120 g/L and 246 patients with HGB levels ≥120 g/L (P<0.05). The overall survival rate in the group with PLT levels >300×109/L was lower than that in the group with PLT levels ≤300 × 109/L, but this difference was not significant. The overall survival rate in the group with HGB levels <120 g/L was significantly lower than that in the group with HGB levels ≥120 g/L (P<0.05), and the overall survival rate in the group with PLT levels >300×109/L and HGB levels <120 g/L was significantly lower than that in the group with PLT levels ≤300×109/L and HGB levels ≤120 g/L (P<0.05). According to Cox regression analysis, a pre-operative HGB level <120 g/L was considered a separate risk factor affecting prognosis.

CONCLUSIONS: Close attention must be paid to pre-operative PLT and HGB levels, and anemia should be remedied to facilitate the treatment of cervical carcinoma.

Keywords: Carcinoma, Squamous Cell - surgery, Hemoglobins - analysis, Lymph Node Excision, Platelet Count, Prognosis, Uterine Cervical Neoplasms - surgery

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750