Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

14 October 2015 : Meta-Analysis  

Safety and Efficacy of Tranexamic Acid in Total Knee Arthroplasty

Xiao YuBCDEF, Weili LiBCDEF, Pengchen XuDEF, Jin LiuDEF, Yue QiuDEF, Yuchang ZhuAG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.895801

Med Sci Monit 2015; 21:3095-3103


BACKGROUND: The prevalence of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is increasing, which is one of the most frequent operations in orthopedic practice. To further investigate the safe and effective role of using tranexamic acid (TA) in reducing transfusion rate and blood loss in total knee arthroplasty.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: This meta-analysis was conducted according to the Cochrane methodology. Twenty-eight superior quality and well designed randomized controlled trials (RCT) were collected to analyze for this study. Patients who had undergone primary unilateral TKA were chosen. The software, RevMan 5.2, was used to analyze collected data.

RESULTS: Finally, 28 RCTs were collected to analyze for this study. Total blood loss was dramatically decreased via the application of TA, by a mean of 420 ml [95% CI: –514 to –327]. A significant reduction about blood transfusion rate was also found in patients who received TA. [RD: –0.26, 95%CI: –0.33 to –0.19]. Moreover, no significant differences were found between TA and control groups in incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE).

CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis demonstrates that the application of TA in TKA could decrease total blood loss and transfusion rate. On the other hand, the application of TA is not associated with high incidence of DVT or other adverse events. TA should be taken into account in routine use in primary knee arthroplasty to benefit the patients.

Keywords: Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee - methods, Antifibrinolytic Agents - therapeutic use, Blood Loss, Surgical, Blood Transfusion, Data Interpretation, Statistical, Incidence, Orthopedics - methods, Prevalence, Quality Assurance, Health Care, Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic, Tranexamic Acid - therapeutic use, Venous Thrombosis - prevention & control



01 March 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: Global Surveillance of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Viruses in Poultry, Wild Birds, and Mammals to Prevent a Human Influenza Pandemic

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939968

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939968


In Press

27 Mar 2023 : Database Analysis  

Relationship Between Physical Activity and Adult Asthma Control Using NHANES 2011-2020 Data

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939350  

27 Mar 2023 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of the One-Hour ¹³C-Propionate Breath Test in 49 Patients from a Single Center in Japan to Detec...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940238  

24 Mar 2023 : Database Analysis  

Causes of Death Following Gastric Cancer Diagnosis: A Population-Based Analysis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939848  

22 Mar 2023 : Special report  

One Year On: Poland’s Public Health Initiatives and National Response to Millions of Refugees from Ukraine

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940223  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750