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30 April 2018 : Hypothesis  

Effect of Hexadecyl Azelaoyl Phosphatidylcholine on Cardiomyocyte Apoptosis in Myocardial Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury: A Hypothesis

Limin Feng1ABDEFG, Wennan Liu2F, Jianzhou Yang3F, Qing Wang2B, Shiwu Wen4A

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.907578

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: HYP2661-2667

Abstract

Reperfusion after myocardial ischemia can induce cardiomyocyte death, known as myocardial reperfusion injury. The pathophysiology of the process of reperfusion suggests the confluence multiple pathways. Recent studies have focused on the inflammatory response, which is considered to be the main mechanism during the process of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury and can cause cardiomyocyte apoptosis. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors gamma activated by endogenous ligands and exogenous ligand can decrease the inflammatory response in cardiomyocytes. Thiazolidinediones are synthetic, high-affinity, selective ligands for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors gamma, and can inhibit the inflammatory response, decrease myocardial infarct size, and protect cardiac function. However, thiazolidinediones, including rosiglitazone and pioglitazone, can also contribute to adverse cardiovascular events such as congestive heart failure. Therefore, there are some limitations to the use of thiazolidinediones. Most endogenous ligands were of low affinity until hexadecyl azelaoyl phosphatidylcholine was identified as a high-affinity ligand and agonist for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors gamma. Hexadecyl azelaoyl phosphatidylcholine binds recombinant peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors with an affinity (Kd(app) ≈40 nM) which is equivalent to rosiglitazone. Therefore, hexadecyl azelaoyl phosphatidylcholine is a specific peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors gamma agonist. Given these findings, we hypothesized that the use of hexadecyl azelaoyl phosphatidylcholine can activate the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors gamma signal pathways and prevent the inflammatory response process of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury, with reduced cardiomyocyte apoptosis and death.

Keywords: Myocardial Reperfusion Injury, PPAR gamma

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750