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22 September 2022 : Clinical Research  

[In Press] Comparison of Incremental Shuttle Walking Test, 6-Minute Walking Test, and Cardiopulmonary Exercise Stress Test in Patients with Myocardial Infarction

Ho-Jeong Lim12ABCF, Sung-Ju Jee2BDE, Myung-Mo Lee3ADEG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938140

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938140  

Available online: 2022-09-22, In Press, Corrected Proof

Publication in the "In-Press" formula aims at speeding up the public availability of the pending manuscript while waiting for the final publication. The assigned DOI number is active and citable. The availability of the article in the Medline, PubMed and PMC databases as well as Web of Science will be obtained after the final publication according to the journal schedule

Abstract

BACKGROUND
This study aimed to analyze the correlations among peak oxygen uptake (VO2) in cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPX), incremental shuttle walking test (ISWT), and 6-minute walking test (6MWT) distances in patients with myocardial infarction (MI). Additionally, we aimed to determine the relationship between the maximum heart rate (HRmax) and the rate of perceived exertion (RPE) among the tests and compare the changes in heart rate to verify the clinical benefit of the submaximal stress test.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
We analyzed the correlation by using the ISWT and 6MWT at 30-min intervals after 24 h of CPX in patients with MI. The differences in HRmax and RPE between the tests were also compared. Additionally, changes in heart rate were analyzed using descriptive statistics.
RESULTS
The ISWT distance was more strongly correlated with peak VO₂ (r=.823: 95% CI, 0.681-0.910) than was 6MWT (r=0.776: 95% CI, 0.683-0.870). HRmax in the CPX demonstrated a significant correlation with that in the ISWT and 6MWT (P<0.05), with the ISWT (r=0.815: 95% CI, 0.451-0.996) having a stronger correlation than the 6MWT (r=0.664: 95% CI, 0.146-0.911). The value of RPE was significantly different (P<0.05); however, there was no significant correlation. Changes in heart rate in the 6MWT plateaued after the initial increase, while the heart rate in the ISWT and CPX increased gradually.
CONCLUSIONS
We recommend the ISWT as a submaximal exercise test to evaluate exercise capacity in patients with MI.

Keywords: Exercise Test; Myocardial Infarction; Oxygen Consumption; Walk Test

Editorial

01 October 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Rebound COVID-19 and Cessation of Antiviral Treatment for SARS-CoV-2 with Paxlovid and Molnupiravir

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938532

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938532

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750