25 May 2023 : Review article
[In Press] A Review of Preclinical and Clinical Studies in Support of the Role of Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs in DentistryAnna Kotowska-Rodziewicz1ABCDEFG, Anna Zalewska1ABCDEF, Mateusz Maciejczyk 2ABCDEFG
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940635
Available online: 2023-05-25, In Press, Corrected Proof
Publication in the "In-Press" formula aims at speeding up the public availability of the pending manuscript while waiting for the final publication. The assigned DOI number is active and citable. The availability of the article in the Medline, PubMed and PMC databases as well as Web of Science will be obtained after the final publication according to the journal schedule
Patient pain is a common problem faced by dentists and oral and maxillofacial surgeons. Craniofacial pain may be caused not only by inflammation in the teeth, but also various oral, facial, and nerve-related diseases, as well as tumors. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) constitute the basis of the analgesic ladder. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), NSAIDs are the first-line drugs in relieving pain and inflammation of oral conditions. NSAIDs have been used in almost every field of dentistry. These drugs are applied in conservative dentistry and endodontics, dental surgery, orthodontics, periodontology, and oral mucosal diseases, as well as head and neck oncology. Some of the NSAIDs exhibit additional therapeutic effects, such as inhibition of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and reduction of oxidative stress or leukocyte passage to the site of inflammation, which further reduces inflammation in tissues. The topical use of NSAIDs in dentistry is worthy of attention and further research as it will significantly reduce the adverse effects of systemic administration. This article aims to review the preclinical and clinical studies that have supported the role of NSAIDs in dentistry.
Keywords: Dentistry; Inflammation
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