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22 May 2024 : Clinical Research  

Impact of Patient Education Formats on Treatment Adherence and Denture Hygiene in Edentulous Patients: A Comparative Study

Youssef Abdullah Algarni1CDEFG, Rashmi S. Gupta2ABCEF, Lakshya Kumar3ABCEF, Khurshid Mattoo4ACDEF*, Syed M. Yassin5CDEFG, Mohammad Zahir Kota6CDEFG, Fawaz Abdul Hamid Baig6CDEG, Mohammed Ibrahim6CDEFG, Suheel Manzoor Baba1CDEFG, Shadi Abdullah Hamzi7BCEF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944175

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e944175



BACKGROUND: Effective communication and patient education are important in geriatric dental care. Memory decline complicates patient adherence. This study aimed to compare verbal, audio, and video patient education material (PEM) and adherence to dental prosthetic management in edentulous patients.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: 90 completely/partially edentulous patients (aged 40 to 70 years), were divided (simple random) into three groups (Gp) of 30 each . A total of 68 instructions were organized into 9 learning categories. For GpVi, a 20 minute video was shot using a Sony camera (PD170), with two actors depicting related PEM information. Patients were recalled after 1 day and 7days, to recall the PEM instructions. A Denture plaque Index (DPI) determined the efficiency of the instructions at both time intervals. Frequencies, means and standard deviations were derived for each group and then compared using Chi square, paired and unpaired t test and a Neuman-Keul post hoc pairwise test. All significant differences were kept at probability t value of ≤0.05.

RESULTS: PEM instructions related to patient individuality, proper tongue position and miscellaneous showed poor patient recall. At 1 day interval, audio was found to have better recall than video and verbal in 5 PEM instruction categories. At 7 day interval, video showed better recall than other two groups (P≤0.05). Despite improvements in patients recall, DPI revealed better denture hygiene maintenance in patients receiving instructions through video format (P≤0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: For all categories, no single media was considered to be sufficient, audio produced early better recall while video influenced long term recall and better denture hygiene maintenance.

Keywords: Geriatric Dentistry, Geriatric Psychiatry, Multimedia, Patient Compliance, Prosthodontics

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DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945315

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945315


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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750