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29 June 2024 : Clinical Research  

Morphological Variations of the Nasopalatine Canal in the North Cyprus Population: A Cone Beam Computed Tomography Study

Mujgan Firincioglulari1BCDE*, Kaan Orhan23ABCD

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944868

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e944868



BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the morphological characteristics of the anterior maxillary nasopalatine canal and the width of the buccal bone using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in 150 adults in Northern Cyprus.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 150 participants, and their anterior maxillary morphometric measurements (eg, length of the nasopalatine canal and anteroposterior diameter of the nasal foramen) were taken using CBCT with the scanning parameters of 90 kvP, 24 s, 4 mA, voxel size 0.3 mm, and field of view 10×6 cm. The shapes of the nasopalatine canal (NPC) were categorized into 4 types: cylindrical, hourglass, funnel-shaped, and banana (54%, 20.6%, 18.6%, and 4%, respectively).

RESULTS: The findings showed a clear link between the shape of the NPC and the horizontal dimensions of the anterior maxilla’s morphometric properties. In general, decreased horizontal bone dimensions were found in the premaxilla at the banana- and funnel-shaped type for the nasopalatine canal. Also, the anteroposterior diameter of a nasal foramen in the hourglass shape was significantly larger in diameter than all other shapes. Additionally, the morphology of the nasopalatine canal is influenced by its shape. The sagittal cross-section has shown significant correlations with the sizes of the incisive foramen, nasal foramen, and the length of the nasopalatine canal.

CONCLUSIONS: The study found a correlation between the shape of the NPC and the horizontal dimensions of the anterior maxilla’s anatomy. The measurements of NPC in a North Cyprus population slightly differ from the established standards found in the existing literature. Conducting more extensive studies with a larger number of CBCT images will offer additional insights.

Keywords: Anatomy, Cross-Sectional, Cone-Beam Computed Tomography, Maxilla

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Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945583


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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750