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19 June 2020: Clinical Research

Effect of Parenting Training on Neurobehavioral Development of Infants

Mei Jiang ABD , Quyan Zhang BCEF , Wei Zhang CDE , Wei He D , Ke Huang D , Guo Peng D , Jinhui Huang D , Mingyi Zhao BCDEFG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.924457

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924457

Table 1 Definition and score ranges of NBNA.

Item General StateScores
0 points1 point2 points
Formation of light habitIn sleep>10 times6–10 times
Formation of sound habitIn sleep>10 times6–10 times
Sensitivity for the soundAwakeningNo eyeball reactionOculogyrationOculogyration >60°
Response to red ballAwakeningNo eyeball reactionOculogyrationOculogyration >60°
Sensitivity for the face of speakerAwakeningNo eyeball reactionOculogyrationOculogyration >60°
Coaxing and embracingCryingCannotDifficultEasy
Scarf signAwakeningWorn around the neckElbow slightly exceeds medianElbow fails to reach median
Forearm back reboundAwakeningNoneWeakerActive
Lower-limb reboundAwakeningNoneSlow and weakFast
Popliteal fossa angleAwakening>110°90°–110°
Erect headAwakeningNoneDifficultEasy, sustain 1 to 2 seconds
Hand prehensionAwakeningNoneWeakerBetter
Traction reactionAwakeningNoneSome parts of body could be liftedAll limbs could be lifted
Straight hold reactionAwakeningNoneSupporting some parts of bodySupporting the whole body
Stepping reflexAwakeningNoneWeakerBetter
Embrace reflexAwakeningNoneWeakerBetter
Sucking reflexAwakeningNoneWeakerBetter
Degree of awakeningAwakeningComaSomnolenceNormal
CryingCryingNoneWeakNormal
Range of motionActivity awakeningExcessiveDecreasedNormal

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750