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30 May 2021: Clinical Research

Walking Training with a Weight Support Feedback Cane Improves Lower Limb Muscle Activity and Gait Ability in Patients with Chronic Stroke: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Young Sic Kang BCE , Gku Bin Oh BCF , Ki Hun Cho AEG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.931565

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e931565

Table 1 Homogeneity test for general characteristics and dependent variables of the subjects (N=30).

WSFC group (n=15)CC group (n=15)p-values
General characteristics
Gender (Male/Female)10/511/4
Paretic side (right/left)10/511/4
Brunstrom stage (1/2/3/4)0/9/4/21/9/3/2
FAC (2/3)8/712/3.123
Post-stroke duration,12.8±8.314.7±6.6.487
Percentage of BW for AWS,17.4±5.219.4±4.4.278
Dependent variables
Muscle activation
Rectus femoris, %RVC274.1±123.0247.6±120.8.557
Biceps femoris, %RVC201.3±90.9222.0±113.2.586
Medial gastrocnemius, %RVC224.9±90.6181.4±63.0.287
Gluteus medius, %RVC204.7±78.9195.5±136.2.823
Gait ability
Velocity, m/sec6.0±2.56.7±3.0.512
Cadence, steps/min65.8±22.569.2±22.2.823
P-Single-limb support phase, %29.0±6.628.9±5.2.964
Symmetry Index75.0±17.577.3±13.2.686
Values are expressed as Mean±SD. WSFC – Weight Support Feedback Cane Training; CC – Conventional Cane Training; MMSE-K – Mini-Mental Status Examination-Korean version; FAC – functional ambulation category; BW – body weight; AWS – average weight support loaded on the cane during walking at initial measurement; RVC – reference voluntary contraction; P – paretic side.

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750