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29 November 2021 : Clinical Research  

Combined Use of Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt and Transarterial Chemoembolization in the Treatment of Esophageal and Gastric Variceal Bleeding: A Retrospective Study of 80 Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Portal Hypertension

Xinhua Zou1AB, Miao Xue1BCDE, Jiaping Li1EFG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934436

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e934436

Table 1 Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics of patients enrolled in this study.

CharacteristicTIPS+TACE (n=42)Endoscopy+TACE (n=38)χ2tP
Sex (n/%)Male29 (69.05%)26 (68.42%)0.0040.952
Female13 (30.95%)12 (31.58%)
Age (median±SD)Years47.24±7.8646.08±7.320.6840.496
Child-Pugh classification (n/%)A9 (21.43%)9 (23.68%)0.0670.967
B22 (52.38%)19 (50.00%)
C11 (26.19)10 (26.32%)
Viral hepatitisHBV38 (90.48%)34 (89.48%)0.5570.757
HCV1 (2.38%)2 (5.26%)
None3 (7.14%)2 (5.26%)
HCC size>5 cm23 (54.76%)19 (50.00%)0.2900.865
3–5 cm13 (30.95%)12 (31.58%)
6 (14.29%)7 (18.42%)
Number of tumors>57 (16.67%)6 (15.79%)0.2970.862
3–514 (33.33%)15 (39.47%)
21 (50.00%)17 (44.74%)
MVIWith8 (19.05%)6 (15.79%)0.9420.332
Without34 (80.95%)32 (84.21%)
EHSLung2 (4.76%)2 (5.26%)0.7500.687
Lymph nodes3 (7.15%)2 (5.26%)
Bone2 (4.76%)0 (0.00%)
TACE times2.87±0.322.75±0.411.3590.183
TIPS – transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt; TACE – transarterial chemoembolization; HBV – viral hepatitis B; HCV – viral hepatitis C; HCC – hepatocellular carcinoma; EHS – extrahepatic spread; MVI – macroscopic vascular invasion.

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750