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05 May 2023: Meta-Analysis

Benefits of Using Smartphones and Other Digital Methods in Achieving Better Cardiac Rehabilitation Goals: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Miruna Popovici 1ABCEF , Sorin Ursoniu 23ACD* , Horea Feier 14ADF , Mihaela Mocan 5ACDG , Otilia Mihaela G. Tomulescu 1BCF , Nilima Rajpal Kundnani 14CE , Mihaela Valcovici 14DEG , Simona Ruxanda Dragan 14ACDEF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939132

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939132

Table 2 Risk of bias assessment of the included studies.

ReferenceSequence generationAllocation concealmentBlinding of participants and personnelBlinding of outcome assessmentIncomplete outcome dataSelective outcome reportingOther potential threats to validity
Avila et al, 2018 []23 UnclearLowLowUnclearLowLowLow
Batalik et al, 2020 []24 LowLowLowLowLowLowLow
Dorje et al, 2019 []25 LowLowHighLowLowLowLow
Fang et al, 2019 []26 UnclearUnclearHighHighLowUnclearLow
Frederix et al, 2015 []27 LowLowLowLowLowLowLow
Hawkes et al, 2012 []28 UnclearUnclearHighHighLowHighLow
Kraal et al, 2014 []29 LowLowLowUnclearLowLowLow
Lunde et al, 2020 []30 LowLowLowLowLowLowLow
Snoek et al, 2020 []31 LowLowHighLowLowLowLow
Song et al, 2020 []32 LowUnclearHighUnclearLowLowLow
Varnfield et al, 2020 []33 LowLowHighUnclearHighLowLow

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750