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23 February 2023: Review Articles

Presentation, Diagnosis, and Management of Lower Back Pain Associated with Spinal Stenosis: A Narrative Review

Dawid Sobański 12ADEF* , Rafał Staszkiewicz 13ADEF , Magdalena Stachura 24EF , Marcin Gadzieliński 3EF , Beniamin Oskar Grabarek 13AEF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939237

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939237

Table 2 Categories of spinal pain according to the location of pain and the type of pathology.

CategoryCause of pain
Static-muscular painResulting from long-term or inappropriate pressure on the spine connected with the overburdening and extending of its structures
Reflex muscular painOccurring as a consequence of reflex muscle contraction caused by irritation of the nerve roots
Dural painGenerally acute in its character and occurring with vertebrae damage or osteoporosis
Vegetative painResulting from irritation of the sympathetic nerves

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750