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23 February 2023: Review Articles

Presentation, Diagnosis, and Management of Lower Back Pain Associated with Spinal Stenosis: A Narrative Review

Dawid Sobański 12ADEF* , Rafał Staszkiewicz 13ADEF , Magdalena Stachura 24EF , Marcin Gadzieliński 3EF , Beniamin Oskar Grabarek 13AEF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939237

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939237

Table 3 Categories of spinal pain according to the structures, which may be the potential source of back pain.

CategoryCause of pain
SkeletalOccurs as a result of irritation of receptors of perivascular blood vessels of the cancellated bone of intervertebral bodies and arches, as a consequence of mechanical damage, eg, fractures of intervertebral bodies in osteoporosis, osteomalacia, injuries, or cancers
Musculo-articular, fascial, and ligamentAs a consequence of chemical or mechanical irritation of nociceptive receptors of such perispinal structures as joint capsules, tendons, aponeuroses, ligaments
VascularAs a result of mechanical irritation (due to venous stasis and vein distention caused by elevated venous pressure in the area of the abdomen and the chest) of nerve endings located in the walls of the vertebral venous plexuses
NeurologicalMeaning secondary pain occurring as a result of the dysfunction of nerves connecting the spinal cord with the peripheral system of receptors of perispinal tissues
DuralConnected with pressure on the front part of the dura mater

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750