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23 February 2023: Review Articles

Presentation, Diagnosis, and Management of Lower Back Pain Associated with Spinal Stenosis: A Narrative Review

Dawid Sobański 12ADEF* , Rafał Staszkiewicz 13ADEF , Magdalena Stachura 24EF , Marcin Gadzieliński 3EF , Beniamin Oskar Grabarek 13AEF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939237

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939237

Table 4 Sources of pain in degenerative spine disease.

TissueNumber of patientsPain significance (%)Location of pain
Lumbar fascia1930.50Back
Paraspinal muscles1930.00Back
Supraspinous ligament1930.00Back
Interspinous ligament1570.50Back
Spinous process1930.00
Joint capsule1922.50Back, buttock
Synovial membrane of the joint1860.00
Yellow ligament1670.00
Epidural fat1930.00
Back part of the dura mater926.00Buttock, leg
Front part of the dura mater645.00Back, buttock
Compressed nerve root16790.00Whole lower limb
Uncompressed nerve root559.00Buttock, leg
Central part of the fibrous ring18315.00Back
Centro-lateral part of the fibrous ring14430.00Back
Vertebral pulp1760.00

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750