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20 July 2023: Review Articles

Understanding Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in High-Altitude Environments: A Comprehensive Review of Diagnosis and Treatment

Litao Guo 1ABEF* , Jingjing Sun 1CEF* , Zongzhao He 2BF* , Qindong Shi 1AEF* , Siqing Ma 2ADFG**

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939935

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939935

Table 3 High-altitude ARDS severity grades [1].

MildModerateSevere
Oxygenation200 mmHg× (barometric pressure/760)a 100 mmHg× (barometric pressure/760)a PaO/FiO ≤100 mmHg ×(barometric pressure/760) with PEEP ≥5 cmHOa
ARDS – Acute respiratory distress syndrome; CPAP – continuous positive airway pressure; FiO – fraction of inspired oxygen; PaO – partial pressure of arterial oxygen; PEEP – positive end-expiratory pressure.
a This may be delivered noninvasively in the mild acute respiratory distress syndrome group.

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750