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20 June 2023: Database Analysis

COVID-19 Pandemic and Healthcare Communication: A Patient-Centric Evaluation of Treatment and Diagnostic Procedures in Poland

Zbigniew Izdebski 12ABFG , Joanna Mazur 2ABCDEFG , Alicja Kozakiewicz 2ABEFG* , Agnieszka Żeromska-Michniewicz 3EF , Jakub Berezowski 4AEF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940227

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940227

Table 1 The characteristics of the patients (N=1860) treated during the COVID-19 pandemic in terms of health assessment and medical services received.

Self-rated health
 Poor or rather poor40421.8
 Good or very good87747.3
Chronic conditions
 Don’t know/refusal1457.8
Place of treatment within the last 24 months*
 Hospital as an inpatient for at least 1 day45024.2
 One day hospital/clinic as a patient19210.3
 Hospital Emergency Department (ED35819.2
 Hospital outpatient clinic80443.2
 Independent outpatient clinic127268.4
 Specialist’s office103355.5
Healthcare within the last 24 months
 Only public healthcare within the National Health Fund (NFZ)80443.2
 Only private healthcare522.8
 Public and private healthcare100454.0
Funding of private healthcare within the last 24 months (N=1056)*
 Exclusively with own funds82377.9
 Exclusively from the NFZ11110.5
 Partially NFZ with a contribution of own funds23021.8
 Other forms of financing888.3
Mode of healthcare delivery within the last 24 months
 All remote (telephone, video conference, chat)321.7
 All face-to-face105858.6
 Both face-to-face and remote77041.4
Treatment for SARS-CoV-2 virus
 Did not receive treatment110759.5
 Self-treatment at home51327.6
 Treated by a doctor or in hospital24012.9
* Due to multiple responses, the percentages do not add up to 100%.

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750