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20 June 2023: Database Analysis

COVID-19 Pandemic and Healthcare Communication: A Patient-Centric Evaluation of Treatment and Diagnostic Procedures in Poland

Zbigniew Izdebski 12ABFG , Joanna Mazur 2ABCDEFG , Alicja Kozakiewicz 2ABEFG* , Agnieszka Żeromska-Michniewicz 3EF , Jakub Berezowski 4AEF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940227

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940227

Table 5 ITDP perceptions according to pandemic-related difficulties in communication with HCWs.

Pandemic-related restriction/communication hindranceNPerceived impact of pandemic (%)Chi-Sq.PSomers’ d
No impactPositive or mixed impactExclusively negative impact
Social distancing78.990.223
 Didn’t hinder communication49821.928.749.4
 Hindered communication13629.321.069.8
Remote consultations65.870.210
 Didn’t hinder communication47620.829.449.8
 Hindered communication13849.820.969.3
Protective clothing and face masks59.480.190
 Didn’t hinder communication45522.026.451.6
 Hindered communication14059.622.068.4
Chaotic information50.060.283
 Didn’t hinder communication16225.934.040.1
 Hindered communication169811.422.066.6
Additional epidemiological procedures63.140.230
 Didn’t hinder communication24820.133.946.0
 Hindered communication151210.920.668.5
Lack of contact between patients and relatives64.600.276
 Didn’t hinder communication22725.632.641.9
 Hindered communication163310.821.767.4
Increased focus on health problems associated with COVID-19117.050.364
 Didn’t hinder communication24328.437.034.6
 Hindered communication161710.321.068.8

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750