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03 February 2024: Clinical Research

Impaired Capillary Recruitment Capacity in Obesity: A Subgroup Analysis of Prospective Observational Study on Anesthesia Effects

Soeun Jeon 1ABCDEG , Hyeon-Jeong Lee 23ABCDEF* , Hyun-Su Ri 4BDE , Ah-Reum Cho 23ADF , Hyae-Jin Kim 23BDF , Jeong-Min Hong 23AF , Jiseok Baik 23DEF , Eun Ji Park 2ABC , Ohyun Kim 2DF , Jae-Han Kim 5EF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943036

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e943036

Table 1 Patient baseline characteristics and preoperative laboratory findings.

Lean (BMI <25)(n=43)Obese (BMI ≥25)(n=28)P-value
Age (years)41.1 (13.8)43.7 (12.9)0.417
ASA PS* >0.999b
 I10 (23.3)7 (25.0)
 II33 (76.7)21 (75.0)
Sex0.354b
 Male20 (46.5)17 (60.7)
 Female23 (53.5)11 (39.3)
Height (cm)165.4 (8.7)168.0 (11.1)0.280
Weight (kg)61.4 (8.0)78.2 (10.7)
Body mass index (kg/m)22.3 (1.5)27.6 (1.7)
Type of surgery0.154b
 Abdominal surgery13 (30.2)14 (50.0)
 Head and neck surgery30 (69.8)14 (50.0)
Laboratory findings (blood)
 Hemoglobin (g/dL)14.0 (1.3)14.6 (1.7)0.135
 Glucose (mg/dL)96.0 (91.0, 110.0)95.5 (89.3, 112.5)0.991a
 AST (unit/L)19.0 (16.0, 24.0)21.0 (17.0, 24.8)0.571a
 ALT (unit/L)16.0 (13.0, 26.0)19.5 (15.0, 35.0)0.195a
 Albumin (g/dL)4.8 (0.4)4.7 (0.3)0.303
 BUN (mg/dL)12.4 (3.1)11.8 (2.7)0.356
 GFR (mL/min)107.7 (16.0)105.3 (24.6)0.622
 Calcium (mg/dL)9.5 (9.2, 10.0)9.5 (9.3, 9.7)0.625a
 Sodium (mEq/L)140.1 (1.8)139.9 (1.8)0.573
 Potassium (mmol/L)4.2 (4.0, 4.3)4.3 (4.0, 4.5)0.186a
Ankle-brachial index, Lt.1.12 (1.06, 1.19)1.13 (1.07, 1.20)0.733a
Ankle-brachial index, Rt.1.13 (1.06, 1.23)1.14 (1.09, 1.22)0.823a
ASA PS – American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status; ALT – alanine transaminase; AST – aspartate transaminase; BUN – blood urea nitrogen; GFR – glomerular filtration rate; Lt. – left; Rt. – right.
a Mann-Whitney U test;
b Chi-squared test.
* According to the American Society of Anesthesiologists criteria, patients with 30< BMI

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750