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27 May 2024 : Clinical Research  

Percutaneous Coronary Intervention as a Non-Surgical Treatment for Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation in Patients with Multi-Vessel Coronary Artery Disease

Xiaoyan Wang ORCID logo1ABCE*, Zhihong Liu ORCID logo1ABCDE, Aoyun Rong ORCID logo1ABDE, Bofei Ma ORCID logo1BCDE, Ruixing Mo ORCID logo1BCEG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943122

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e943122

Table 1 Baseline data of the 15 enrolled patients.

Baseline dataValue (n, %)
CAD type
 Unstable angina6 (40)
 Acute myocardial infarction9 (60)
Age (years), mean (range)77.27 (61–92)
Sex
 Male12 (80)
 Female3 (20)
Body mass index (kg/m)21.09±2.14
MVD
 Two-vessel2 (13.33)
 Three-vessel13 (86.67)
MR severity
 Mild0
 Moderate11
 Severe4
Risk factors
 Smoking7 (46.67)
 Hypertension11 (73.33)
 Diabetes mellitus4 (26.67)
 Cerebral infarction1 (6.67)
Heart rate (beats/min)67.73±11.04
Grade II–IV/VI systolic murmur at the apex12 (80)
ECG findings
 Normal4 (26.67)
 Atrioventricular block1 (6.67)
 ST-segment elevation or ST depression10 (66.67)
SBP (mmHg)125.20±16.68
DBP (mmHg)74.80±7.40
Total cholesterol (mmol/L)4.93±1.44
Triglyceride (mmol/L)1.98±2.17
HDL-C (mmol/L)1.24±0.42
LDL-C (mmol/L)3.17±0.72
Creatinine (μmol/L)87.85±11.67
Glomerular filtration rate (mL/min/1.73 m)72.39±13.40
NT-proBNP (pg/mL)1584±1127.95
Coronary artery dominance
 Right-dominant11 (73.33)
 Left-dominant2 (13.33)
 Co-dominance2 (13.33)
Number of stents implanted in PCI4.60±1.08
SBP – systolic blood pressure; DBP – diastolic blood pressure; HDL-C – high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-C – low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; NT-proBNP – N-terminal Pro-B-type natriuretic peptide; MVD – multi-vessel coronary artery disease; MR – mitral regurgitation; ECG – electrocardiogram.

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750