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27 January 2024: Clinical Research

Effectiveness of Corticosteroid Therapy in Enhancing Early Postoperative Recovery in Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Patients: A Retrospective Study

Haozhi Zhang 1BCDEF , Changfa Huang 1BDF , Daoyun Wang 1BDF , Kuan Li 2ABF , Xiao Han 3ABF , Xin Chen 3ABF , Zheng Li 1ADEG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943233

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e943233

Table 1 Patient baseline characteristics.

CTG (n=128)NCTG (n=104)WZ/t/χ2P
Sex (M/F)43/8537/670.1000.752
Age (years)71.67 (6.62)70.94 (8.23)−0.7320.465
BMI (kg/m)25.37 (2.84)24.94 (2.58)−1.1940.234
Charlson Comorbidity Index3 (2,4)3 (2,4)6903.5−0.5100.610
Total disease duration (months)10.5 (7.5,14)10 (7,14)6483.5−0.3390.735
Number of fused vertebrae3 (3,4)3 (3,4)6344.5−0.6620.508
Number of decompressed vertebrae2 (2,3)2 (2,3)5914−1.6100.107
Number of interbody cages used0 (0,0)0 (0,0)6609.5−0.2360.814
Operation time (min)108.5 (96,135.8)108 (90.75,126.25)6467−0.3710.711
Blood loss (mL)150 (100,250)150 (100,200)6522−0.2670.790
Drainage tube indwelling time (days)3 (3,4)3 (3,4)6920−0.5440.587
Pre-op SVA (mm)−4.28 (36.55)−5.09 (33.64)−0.5850.559
Post-op SVA (mm)−7.06 (41.25)−8.91 (35.04)−0.8320.407
Δ SVA (mm)−2.78 (18.06)−3.82 (16.60)−0.7200.472
Pre-op NRS-LP6 (5,7)6 (5,7)6674.5−0.0360.971
Pre-op NRS-LN5 (4,6)5 (3,7)6555.5−0.1990.843
Pre-op ODI53.59 (9.34)52.69 (10.46)−0.6930.489
Pre-op SF-3670.23 (9.28)71.06 (10.28)0.6460.519
CTG – corticosteroids treatment group; NCTG – non-corticosteroids treatment group; BMI – body mass index; SVA – sagittal vertical axis; Δ SVA – change in SVA; NRS-LP – numeric rating scale for leg pain; NRS-LN – numeric rating scale for leg numbness; ODI – Oswestry Disability Index; SF-36 – Short Form Health Survey.

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750