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27 January 2024 : Clinical Research  

Effectiveness of Corticosteroid Therapy in Enhancing Early Postoperative Recovery in Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Patients: A Retrospective Study

Haozhi Zhang1BCDEF, Changfa Huang1BDF, Daoyun Wang1BDF, Kuan Li2ABF, Xiao Han3ABF, Xin Chen4ABF, Zheng Li5ADEG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943233

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e943233

Table 3 Postoperative scores compared with preoperative scores (score variation [Δ]).

CTG (n=128)NCTG (n=104)WZP
1 month after surgery
 Δ NRS-LP5 (4,5)4 (4,5)5493−2.3910.017*
 Δ NRS-LN2 (1,3)1 (0,2)4922−3.471
 Δ ODI10 (5.5,14)6 (2,12)5117−3.0420.002*
 Δ SF-3610 (5,13)7 (3.75,12)5225−2.8180.004*
3 months after surgery
 Δ NRS-LP5 (5,5)5 (4.75,5)5578.5−2.4290.015*
 Δ NRS-LN3 (1,4)2 (1,3)5398−2.5200.012*
 Δ ODI22 (16,26)19 (14,24)5146.5−2.9790.003*
 Δ SF-3616 (11.75,22)13 (9,19)5048−3.1660.002*
6 months after surgery
 Δ NRS-LP5 (5,6.25)5 (5,6)6548−0.2460.806
 Δ NRS-LN3 (2,5)3 (2,4)5877.5−1.5490.121
 Δ ODI28 (22,34)24 (20,32)5370.5−2.5350.011*
 Δ SF-3617.5 (13,23.25)14.5 (10,20.25)5014.5−3.2310.001*
12 months after surgery
 Δ NRS-LP5 (5,7)5 (5,6.25)6670.5−0.0310.975
 Δ NRS-LN3 (2,5)3 (2,4)6157.5−0.9910.322
 Δ ODI30 (24,36)28 (22,34)5943.5−1.4040.160
 Δ SF-3619 (15,25)18 (13,24.25)5796−1.6920.091
24 months after surgery
 Δ NRS-LP6 (6,7)6 (6,7)6605−0.1080.914
 Δ NRS-LN3.5 (2,5)4 (2,5)6709−0.1040.917
 Δ ODI32 (26,38)32 (26,38)6309−0.6830.494
 Δ SF-3620 (15,26)19 (14,25)6040.5−1.2110.226
The Δ value represents the absolute value of the difference between preoperative score and the corresponding postoperative score at each follow-up time point. CTG – corticosteroids treatment group; NCTG – non-corticosteroids treatment group; NRS-LP – numerical rating scale for leg pain; NRS-LN – numerical rating scale for leg numbness; ODI – Oswestry Disability Index; SF-36 – Short Form Health Survey.

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750