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26 May 2024: Clinical Research

The Influence of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus on Maternal and Neonatal Outcomes: A Retrospective Study in Rzeszów, Poland

Katarzyna Kalandyk-Osinko 12ABDEF , Joanna Baran 3CDEF , Rafał Baran 3CDEF , Kamil Gierek 2BDF , Anna Juza 2BDE , Elżbieta Kraśnianin 3BDF , Sławomir Januszek 2BDF , Beata Blajer-Olszewska 2BCE , Tomasz Kluz 12ADF* , Dorota Darmochwał-Kolarz 14ADE

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943644

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e943644

Table 1 Observation group – characteristics.

N%
GDM
 Yes6552.00
 No6048.00
Diabetes treatment
 Diet2436.92
 Insulin4163.08
Pre-pregnancy weight category
 Underweight32.40
 Normal5745.60
 Overweight3528.00
 Obesity2419.20
 Lack of data64.80
Compliance with GWG recommendations
 Yes4536.00
 Below4737.60
 Above2520.00
The number of miscarriages
 None10584.00
 One129.60
 Two54.00
 Three10.80
 No data21.60
Newborn type
 AGA9374.40
 LGA2822.40
 No data43.20
Type of delivery
 Cesarean section7660.80
 Vaginal birth4737.60
 No data21.60
Gender of the newborn
 Female5947.20
 Male6652.80
N – number of observations;% – percent of observations; SGA - small for gestational age; AGA – appropriate for gestational age; LGA – large for gestational age; GWG – gestational weight gain; GDM – gestational diabetes mellitus.

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750