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26 May 2024: Clinical Research

The Influence of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus on Maternal and Neonatal Outcomes: A Retrospective Study in Rzeszów, Poland

Katarzyna Kalandyk-Osinko 12ABDEF , Joanna Baran 3CDEF , Rafał Baran 3CDEF , Kamil Gierek 2BDF , Anna Juza 2BDE , Elżbieta Kraśnianin 3BDF , Sławomir Januszek 2BDF , Beata Blajer-Olszewska 2BCE , Tomasz Kluz 12ADF* , Dorota Darmochwał-Kolarz 14ADE

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943644

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e943644

Table 2 Descriptive statistics for the study and control group.

VariablesStudy groupControl group
Nχ̄;±SDaMe (Q1–Q3)bNχ̄±SDaMe (Q1–Q3)b
Age [years]6531.0 (29.9–36.0)b 6031.0 (27.0–33.0)b
Pre-pregnancy body mass [kg]6073.6±18.62a 6068.0 (60.5–72.5)b
Body mass to delivery [kg]6178.0 (68.0–95.0)b 6079.5 (73.2–85.0)b
Body height [cm]61165.0 (160.0–169.0)b 60166.1±5.6a
Pre-pregnancy BMI5927.25 (22.8–32.2)b 6024.8±3.2a
GWG586.6±6.0a 6011.0 (10.0–13.0)b
Gravidity632.0 (1.0–3.0)b 602.0 (1.0–2.0)b
Parity631.0 (1.0–2.0)b 602.0 (1.0–2.0)b
The duration of pregnancy6138.0 (37.0–39.0)b 6038.5 (38.0–39.0)b
Apgar in 1 minute5810.0 (9.0–10.0)b 6010.0 (9.0–10.0)b
Apgar in 3 minute5710.0 (10.0–10.0)b 6010.0 (10.0–10.0)b
Apgar in 5 minute5710.0 (10.0–10.0)b 6010.0 (10.0–10.0)b
Birth body mass633195.0 (2830.0–3560.0)b 603234.9±442.7a
Mother’s LOS654.0 (3.0–7.0)b 603.0 (2.0–4.0)b
Child’s LOS653.0 (3.0–5.0)b 603.0 (2.0–3.0)b
N – number of observations; χ̄ – mean; Me – median; Min. – minimum value; Max. – maximum value; Q1 – lower quartile; Q3 – upper quartile, SD – standard deviation, GWG – gestational weight gain, BMI – body mass index; LOS - Length of stay.
a χ±SD;
b Me(Q1–Q3).

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750