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22 May 2024: Clinical Research

Incidence, Risk Factors, and Outcomes of Left Atrial Enlargement in Patients Requiring Right Ventricular Pacing: A Retrospective Study of 461 Cases from 2012 to 2020

Wei-Chieh Lee 123ABCDEF , Wei-Ting Chang 123CD , Hsiu-Yu Fang 45B , Huang-Chung Chen 4B , Mien-Cheng Chen 4EF* , Ping-Yen Liu 16EF*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944114

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e944114

Table 1 Baseline characteristics between patients without and with significant LAE.

Without significant LAEWith significant LAEP value
36596
 Age (years)71±11.970±15.90.486
 Male sex (%)183 (50.1)53 (55.2)0.422
 BMI (kg/m)23.12±6.5422.68±7.060.562
 Hypertension (%)261 (71.5)70 (72.9)0.899
 DM (%)140 (38.4)31 (32.3)0.288
 CAD (%)64 (17.5)14 (14.6)0.544
 Hyperlipidemia (%)81 (22.2)12 (12.5)0.045
 ESRD (%)18 (4.9)5 (5.2)0.912
 Prior stroke (%)46 (12.6)15 (15.6)0.498
3.3±1.73.3±1.70.870
166.98±17.65164.75±21.320.376
0.363
 Lower septum or apex (%)60 (16.4)20 (20.8)
 High septum or near RVOT region (%)305 (83.6)76 (79.2)
 ACEI/ARB (%)271 (74.2)71 (74.0)0.954
 β-blocker (%)59 (16.2)13 (13.5)0.636
 Statin (%)119 (32.6)23 (24.0)0.108
6.7±4.98.0±4.60.019
Data are expressed as mean (standard deviation) or as number (percentage). LAE – left atrial enlargement; DM – diabetes mellitus; BMI – body mass index; CAD – coronary artery disease; ESRD – end-stage renal disease; RV – right ventricle; RVOT – right ventricular outflow tract; ACEI – angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor; ARB – angiotensin II receptor blocker; F/U – follow-up.

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750