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22 May 2024: Clinical Research

Incidence, Risk Factors, and Outcomes of Left Atrial Enlargement in Patients Requiring Right Ventricular Pacing: A Retrospective Study of 461 Cases from 2012 to 2020

Wei-Chieh Lee 123ABCDEF , Wei-Ting Chang 123CD , Hsiu-Yu Fang 45B , Huang-Chung Chen 4B , Mien-Cheng Chen 4EF* , Ping-Yen Liu 16EF*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944114

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e944114

Table 4 Clinical outcomes between patients without and with significant LAE.

Without significant LAEWith significant LAEP value
 New-onset atrial fibrillation92 (25.2)32 (33.3)0.121
 HF event (%)22 (6.0)6 (6.3)0.935
 Stroke event (%)36 (9.9)17 (17.7)0.032
  Ischemic stroke (%)33 (33/36; 91.7)17 (17/17; 100)0.543
  Hemorrhagic stroke (%)3 (3/36; 8.3)0 (0/17; 0)0.543
 Cardiovascular mortality (%)12 (3.3)2 (2.1)0.744
 All-cause mortality (%)48 (13.2)11 (11.5)0.734
Data are expressed as number (percentage). LAE – left atrial enlargement; HF – heart failure.

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750