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22 May 2024 : Clinical Research  

Incidence, Risk Factors, and Outcomes of Left Atrial Enlargement in Patients Requiring Right Ventricular Pacing: A Retrospective Study of 461 Cases from 2012 to 2020

Wei-Chieh Lee ORCID logo123ABCDEF*, Wei-Ting Chang123CD, Hsiu-Yu Fang45B, Huang-Chung Chen ORCID logo4B, Mien-Cheng Chen4EF, Ping-Yen Liu16EF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944114

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e944114

Table 5 The comparison of clinical outcomes between patients without and with significant LAE after propensity score matching.

Without significant LAEWith significant LAEP value
9090
 Age (years)70±13.770±14.70.758
 Male sex (%)47 (52.2)50 (55.6)0.765
 BMI (kg/m)23.4±5.023.0±6.80.645
 DM (%)35 (38.9)30 (33.3)0.535
 CAD (%)12 (13.3)14 (15.6)0.832
 Hyperlipidemia (%)10 (11.1)12 (13.3)0.821
7.9±5.28.1±4.60.841
 LA dimension (mm)32.6±3.731.7±4.00.096
 LVEF (%)70.1±8.069.4±10.00.652
 LA dimension (mm)35.3±4.842.4±5.5
 LVEF (%)62.4±13.057.7±13.00.016
 Moderate to severe MR (%)6 (6.7)20 (22.2)0.005
5.3±2.25.5±2.30.759
55 (61.1)56 (62.2)1.000
 New-onset atrial fibrillation (%)15 (16.7)30 (33.3)0.015
 HF event (%)5 (5.6)6 (6.7)1.000
 Stroke event (%)3 (3.3)17 (18.9)0.001
 Cardiovascular mortality (%)1 (1.1)2 (2.2)1.000
 All-cause mortality (%)7 (7.8)11 (12.2)0.457
Data are expressed as mean (standard deviation) or as number (percentage). LAE – left atrial enlargement; BMI – body mass index; DM – diabetes mellitus; CAD – coronary artery disease; F/U – follow-up; LA – left atrium; LVEF – left ventricular ejection fraction; MR – mitral regurgitation; HF – heart failure.

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750