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15 September 2020: Clinical Research

Cluster Analysis of the Associations among Physical Frailty, Cognitive Impairment and Mental Disorders

Ljiljana Trtica Majnarić 12ACDEF , Sanja Bekić 34ABDEF* , František Babič 5CDEG , Ľudmila Pusztová 5CDE , Ján Paralič 5CDEG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.924281

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924281

Table 2 Average scores across clusters on the frailty and MMSE tests.

ClusterNumber of patientsAverage score±SD*p-Value (post-hoc)Age (year)Average±SDp-Value (post-hoc)
Frailty1) HF1610.58 (0.721)0.000HF: CI: CF: PhyF69.40 (5.455)0.000HF: CI: CF: PhyF
2) CI630.97 (0.782)0.000CI: CF: PhyF72.33 (6.611)>0.05CI: PhyF0.000CI: HF: CF
3) CF213.48 (1.123)>0.05CF: PhyF0.000CF: CI: HF78.62 (5.792)>0.05CF: PhyF0.000CF: CI: HF
4) PhyF183.61 (0.777)>0.05PhyF: CF0.000PhyF: CI: HF74.72 (6.515)>0.05PhyF: CF: CI0.000PhF: HF
71.20 (6.434)
MMSE1) HF16127.42 (1.556)0.000HF: CI: CF: PhyF
2) CI6321.94 (1.958)0.000CI: CF: PhyF
3) CF2119.14 (2.308)0.000CF: PhyFCF: CI: HF
4) PhyF1824.89 (1.811)0.000PhyF: CFPhyF: CI: HF
HF – highly functional; CI – cognitive impairment; CF – cognitive frailty; PhyF – physical frailty.
* Higher scores on the frailty test indicate a higher level of physical frailty, whereas higher scores on the MMSE test indicate a higher level of cognitive function.

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750